Bourne Archive: Peacock’s Glossary

http://boar.org.uk/aaiwxw3PeacockGlossary.htm         Latest edit 21 Nov 2010


 

The Bourne Archive

 


Selections from Peacock’s Glossary of Words from Manley and Corringham


These quotations come from a copy in the Willoughby Memorial Library, to the trustees of which I offer my thanks.


A transcription of the whole book is too big a job to be undertaken but the following selection should cover references made on such web pages as Bourne Places.

The printed book is octavo but it is bound into a volume interleaved with plain quarto leaves on which the printed contents have been expanded in manuscript, by the addition of further words and examples. The date of the printed work is 1876 and the manuscript additions appear to have been added as they as they came to the compiler’s attention but probably all are earlier than about 1890. There is a note of people to whom copies were given and a loose letter of 1889, from the keeper of the printed books in Leiden University, acknowledging the gift of a copy. It looks therefore as though the continuator was the author, Edward Peacock.

In the transcription below, relevant manuscript references are included in {} brackets. Peacock’s notes are indicated thus []. Transcriber’s notes are included thus […RJP].

 

Back-lane, a narrow road or street; not a highway, or if a highway, one that is but little used. ‘They‘re building, a sight o’ new houses agëan Asby back-lane, for th’ iron-stone men to live in.’ ‘I took to my heeles as hard as I could runne, and got my selfe into a back-lane.’—Bernard, Terence, 156.

Holm, a hill, or an island. Probably obsolete, except as a place’s name; as Holme, a hamlet in the par. of Bottesford, Thorneholme Priory and Haverholme wood par. Appleby, and the Holmes in par. Winterton. Icelandic hólmr generally means an islet.

Meere, Mere [meer], a mark or boundary of any kind between one person’s land and another’s, or between one parish or township and another. ‘Of Richare Welborne for plowing vp tho king’s mere baulk.’—Kirton-in-Lindsey Fine Roll, 1630. ‘Where a person knows his own land by meres or boundaries.’Survey of Manor of Kirton-in-Lindsey, 1787. A road dividing the parish of Winterton from that of Winteringham is called the mere. {Meere. ‘A raised way called Icleton-meer, pointing to Wantage’. Archaeologia VIII 96. XXXVII. 315. XXXVIII. 408.} {‘Oh countrie clownes, your closes see you keepe with hedge and ditche, and mark your meade with meares’ Geo. Gascoigne, Fruiter and Warre. Edt. Chalmers. 24.} {Meer. Bawtry-Hainton Turnpike act 1765. p. 2.}

Meerebaulk, lit. a mere-baulk (see Meere); a strip of unploughed land between one property and another in an open field.

Meerefurrow, Marfur, a boundary furrow in an open field.

Meerehole, a place on the bank of the Trent between the townships of East Butterwick and Burringham, where the river-bank broke and caused a great inundation in the middle of the last [18th. RJP] century.

Meerestone, a boundary stone. {Meerstone. Archaeologia XLII. 159. Scroggs, Practice of Court-Leet and Courts-Baron, 28.} {Meer Stone. Sanderson Sermons 134.}

Meerestowp, a boundary post.

Seck, a sack, 1586. ‘For a secke of pease of Misteir Kent vjs,’—Kirton-in-Lindsey Ch. Acc. Seckes, i.e. sacks, occurs in Havelock, 2019.

Seck-arse, the bottom of a sack. ‘Them seck-arses is rotten out wistandinith’ Irish hole.’

Seck-poke, a bag made to contain a sack, i. e. four bushels, of corn.

Seckin’, sack-cloth; the material of which sacks are made.

Stang, Stong, (1) a measure of land; a rood. (Obsolescent.) 1652. ’32 acres and three stonge of beans and pease.’Inventory of Tho. Teanby of Barton-on-Humber, in Gent. Mag. 1861, ii. 507. In q672 William Pinches surrendered , on behalf of himself and Anne his wife, certain lands in the manor of Scoter called ‘Nether Barlands’ and a ‘broad land’ called a ‘stong.’—Manor Records. Stang or Stangs is sometimes used as part of a name, as Thimblestangs, or Fimblestangs, in the township of Ashby.

(2) Riding the stang is a form of public censure still sometimes practised when a man beats his wife. [Peacock gives more. RJP]

(3) An eel spear.

Stang, a sudden spasm of pain.

Stong. See Stang.

Stray Garth, the name of a small pasture in Kirton-in-Lindsey in 1787. Probably it had its name from being the enclosure where the strays (q. v.) were kept.

Strays, cattle that have strayed, and for whom no owner can be discovered. ‘All the Strays upon the Soke-land in this parish [Winterton] belong to the Prince, the others to the lords of the Barony Lands.’ —Survey of the Manor of Kirton-in-Lindsey, 1787. It was an immemorial custom in the parish of Appleby, that all strays ‘were seized , and on the succeeding Sunday, a man with a bell proclaimed the same to the public; this he did on three barrows, …… lying opposite to Thornholme; if they were not redeemed within twelve months and a day they were disposed of by public auction. These barrows are now levelled, and the ancient right has never been in force since the ground enclosure took place.’—W. Andrew, Hist. of Winterton, 1836, 39.

Wath, {Waith}, Wath-stead, a ford. (A.S. wađ, Lat vadum.) ‘They do further present ….that the township of Burringham in making their warthes or fordes over the aforesaid ditches do not cast in more sand than is needful for the passage of their cattel.’—Inquisition of sewers, 1583, 12. ‘From thence I went over a wath.’—1697, Diary of Abraham de la Pryme (Surtees Soc.), 153. {Waith-bridge, in the parish of Scotton  a alk .} {Wath-stead ‘for digging a pitt in a wath-stead, alled Crooke-holme Wath.}

Wong, a measure of land (Obsolete.) At Horncastle there is a piece of land near the town called The Wong. [The OED (search wong) gives references chronologically from Beowulf to the present work. RJP]


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