Bourne Archive: Bourne People: Home
http:// boar.org.uk/abiwxe1BournePeople(home.htm Latest edit 19 May 2011
The Bourne Archive
This page leads to documents and links dealing with people who have connections by birth, residence, ownership and so on, with Bourne.
Links within this page :-
Though Bourne is not the name which comes to the mind of most people when they are asked to think of a town, it has associations with a surprisingly long list of noteworthy people. True, several of them knew it a good many years ago but still, they are worth recalling.
The earliest person who can be named with reasonable certainty as
having directly affected Bourne, perhaps even passed through, before it had
acquired that name, was Hadrian, the Roman emperor. It seems likely
that he ordered a major change in the management of the land hereabouts when he
In around 960, when Bourne was part of the Danelaw, the jarl, Aslakr was lord of Bourne. He was probably the Aslakr whose name is also associated with Aslackby and with the wapentake in Lindsey, Aslacoe.
In the mid eleventh century, the town was owned by the
Earl of Mercia, Leofric. He had a hall there because it was
the centre of his south
Consequently, Bourne will have been one of the boyhood homes of Hereward, son of Leofric and Edith’s, born in about 1035-7. Quite possibly, it was his birthplace. He was later known as Hereward the Wake. The boy, Hereward will have spent part of each year there. Having been away, working as a soldier, for Baldwin VI of Flanders, the young man returned and found that his younger brother had just been killed by Normans who had taken the place over. From this developed the Fenland revolt and the Siege of Ely in 1071. Although the twelfth century source of this information refers in this connection, only to his father, Leofric as being 'of Bourne' and to the father's house and retainers there, the Domesday Book information fits with the timing and names of this family. Charles Kingsley used the De Gestis text for his lively novel which repeats the fundamental story with much descriptive embellishment.
Baldwin fitz Gilbert de
Clare owned Bourne when he established the Abbey
in 1138. He was a member of the thrusting Clare family which was beginning to
make itself prominent among the
Recent archaeological has brought the arms of Hugh Wake, of Bourne and Deeping, to light.
Orm (or Ormin) the Preacher (flourished 1180) worked at Bourne Abbey nearly a century earlier than Robert Manning’s boyhood in the town but his presence here has been revealed only during recent research. His collection of homilies known as The Ormulum has been well known to linguists and language historians since the 17th century but its source was not then known to be in Bourne Abbey. Orm's language and particularly, his phonetic spelling, provide a glimpse of the spoken English vernacular of the time; before it was strongly influenced by French speakers. It is assumed that the manuscript remained at Bourne Abbey until the dissolution of the monasteries. In Bourne’s case, this was in 1536. After passing through various ownership, the document is now in the Bodleian Library in Oxford University.
Robert Mannyng (1264-1340) is one of the most notable of the town's past denizens in that he is credited with putting the speech of the ordinary people of his time into a form that makes sense to us today. He is best known as Robert de Brunne because of his origins in the town. He was a Gilbertine and it was at Sempringham that he did most of his work, popularising religious and historical material in a Middle English dialect that was easily understood by the people of his time. His work Handlyng Synne is acknowledged to be of great value because it gives glimpses into the ways and thoughts of his contemporaries.
William Cecil (1520-1598) became the first Lord Burghley after serving Queen Elizabeth I for forty years, during which time he was the main architect of England's successful policies of that period, earning a reputation as a master of renaissance statecraft with outstanding talents as a diplomat, politician and administrator. He was born at a house in the town centre at Bourne on the site of the Burghley Arms and a plaque on the outside reminds us of the event.
(1550-1595) was a farmer's boy working on the land near Bourne but hankered
after a life of adventure and ran away to sea when he was 12 years old. After a
short apprenticeship with a gunpowder manufacturer in
Sir Edward Harwood came from Bourne’s
Robert Harrington (1589-1654) made large bequests to Bourne from which the community
benefits to this day. It seems that he walked to
Dr William Dodd (1729-1777), was an Anglican clergyman, a man of letters and a forger. He was the son of the Rev William Dodd, Vicar of Bourne from 1727-56, graduating with distinction from Clare College, Cambridge, before moving to London, where his extravagant lifestyle soon landed him in debt and worried his friends. They persuaded him to mend his ways so he decided to take holy orders and was ordained deacon in 1751. He became a popular and fashionable preacher and prominent in the foundation of good works such as the Royal Humane Society but lived beyond his means and in an attempt to rectify his depleted finances, forged a bond in the sum of £4,200. A charge of forgery was prosecuted and he was sentenced to death. Despite pleas for clemency made on his behalf by several eminent people, he was publicly hanged at Tyburn on 27th June 1777. – Related document. See also Newgate Calendar. Wesley’s response to Dodd’s views. Marrat’s short biography.
Charles Worth (1825-1895) was
born in this town, the son of a local solicitor who lived at Wake House in
North Street which survives today as a community centre. He left Bourne when
still a boy to seek his fortune in
Robert A Gardner (1850-1926) was a bank manager in Bourne and also a
talented artist whose work was exhibited in the
Frederick Manning (1882-1935) wrote what is considered to be one of the finest novels dealing with the Great War of 1914-18 and much of this work was completed while staying at the Bull Hotel in Bourne, now the Burghley Arms. Manning was an Australian who chose to live here after a spell at Edenham where he stayed with the vicar, the Rev Arthur Galton, who had been his tutor. Her Privates We was at first published anonymously, to much critical acclaim, but eight years after his death, it was published in 1943 under his own name and is still in print almost 70 years later. In the book, Manning acknowledged his affection for this town by calling his hero Private Bourne. See also Chapter 7, Chapter 10, Chapter 16.
(1885-1975) was a major influence in the acceptance of women into the police
force. She was the only daughter of the Bourne brewer, Joseph Wyles, and after a spell of duty on the streets of
Charles Sharpe (1889-1963) was a farmer's boy from Pickworth,
near Bourne, who ran away from home and joined the army. During the Great War
of 1914-18, an act of conspicuous bravery earned him the Victoria
Raymond Mays (1899-1980), son of a local businessman, achieved fame in the world of international motor racing, both on and off the track. While still a successful driver, he established the ERA marque. Shortly before retiring as a driver, he opened workshops in Bourne where he developed the BRM, a later model of which eventually, in 1962, became the first all-British car to win the world championship. Mays, who lived at Eastgate House in Bourne all his life, was honoured by appointment as a CBE in 1978 for his services to motor racing.
W. Dodd (forger)
William Dodd: Marrat’s biography
William Dodd, the publisher
William Dodd, details of some of his works. Find his name alphabetically in the list.
William Dodd. an example of his poetry
William Dodd: a controversy with John Wesley
W. Dodd (vicar of Bourne)
J. Hartop (naval gunner and galley slave)
Job Hartop: Marrat’s biography
Job Hartop: Swift’s biography
E. Harwood army officer: Marrat’s biography