Bourne Archive: Places: Home         © 2007 R.J.PENHEY

http:// boar.org.uk/abiwxe1BournePlaces(home.htm    Latest edit 11 May 2011

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The Bourne Archive

Bourne Places

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The original idea of this page was to provide links to places named in the archive documents but that was too complex to be practical. It is nonetheless useful to have information to which reference can be made from other pages as appropriate. The list of old names of fields and other places in the parish represents that function.

From the old format, I have retained a selection of links from this page, to mentions of places within the parish of Bourne but it is not at all comprehensive. Go to document links.

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Finding Bourne’s Open Fields

and Landscape Features on a Map

The names of the former open fields are medieval, as are the names of some of the enclosed lands but the sources of information used date mostly from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Two major sources are the Exeter Estate Book (EEB) and Bourne Abbots Estate Map (BAEM), from 1827 and 1825, respectively.

To keep the text as concise as possible, the cardinal points of the compass are abbreviated to N, S, E and W, respectively. National grid references are given so as to place items on an Ordnance Survey (OS) map more concisely and clearly than the use, simply of other place names would allow. Where appropriate, geographical coordinates are given for use in Google Earth.

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The Places

Go to:  B  D  F  H  J  L  N  P  R  T  W

Abbey House: a modern form of the name of Bourne Abbey, the house of George Pochin. It was demolished in 1879 (Birkbeck p. 71).

Abbey Lawn: a sports ground which was originally, the 18th century sheep lawn of Abbey House.

Abbey Road: renamed from Star Lane and Church Street, in October 1899. (Stamford Mercury 13 Oct 1899.)

Abbot’s Cote: ‘the cross near Abbotes Cote’ marked the boundary between the parishes of Bourne and Thurlby, on the N bank of the River Glen. (Inquisition at Thetford, Baston; 14th cent., reported by Wheeler, p. 247.)

Arfthwenth: apparently, at TF103188, where the Car Dyke meets the Thurlby/Bourne boundary. The name was used in Richard II’s reign, 1377-99. (Moore p. 4)

Austerby: the modern name for the street which seems to have been Manor Street in 1380.

The Austerby: The S-E part of the town, around Austerby. According to the owner of the Manor House of Bourne Abbots, which appears externally to have been built around 1600, ‘The Austerby’ was sometimes used to name the house.

Austerby House: possibly the manor house of Bourne Abbots (TF101197) but the Ordnance Survey map of 1891 places the name further W. The name is used by Mr. Glover in White’s Directory 1882, list of residents of Bourne.

Back Lane: is a generic term for a service road at the rear of properties, which allowed access from their yards to meadow and field for livestock and equipment. For example, Meadowgate served as a back lane for part of North Street. Back Lane was a proper name for the lane at the rear of plots on the N side of West Street. It is now part of Burghley Street. See Ordnance Survey map of 1891. 

Bedehouse Bank: TF103197, the land E of Willoughby Road, S of the navigation basin and N & W of the diverted Car Dyke, formerly belonging to the Marquess of Exeter but developed, apparently by squatters. See its home page.

Black Drove: 1824, the original Ordnance Survey’s name for Long Road, in the South Fen.

Blake Kyrk: in Pinchbeck parish, seemingly, the segment of the River Glen between Guthram Gowt and Surfleet. See Brunne Ee.

Board School: one of the elementary schools, resulting from the 1871 Education Act. The parish’s largest was in the building of 1877, used by the modern Bourne Abbey School. See OS map of 1891. Another was at Twenty, near the station.

Boston Bank: the bank on the N side of the River Glen between Eastcote (Tongue End) and Drove hurne (Dovehurn), in Pinchbeck. (Dugdale’s map of Deeping Fen, c. 1638, reproduced by Miles p. 7.) The name presumably arose from the fact that it was the southern boundary of the land which drained towards Boston.

Bourne Abbey: might refer to the monastic institution, founded in 1138 and dissolved in 1536, or to the parish church, or to the house of the lords of the manor of Bourne Abbots, built in 1764 and demolished in 1879 (Birkbeck p. 71), after it had become the vicarage house. Paterson 1826 p. 398, mentions Rev. John Wilson as the resident at Bourn Abbey. The house is now usually referred to as Abbey House but while members of the Pochin family were resident and for some time after, perhaps until it was demolished, it was The Abbey or Bourne Abbey. It was occasionally, called Bourne Park.

Bourne Abbots: one of the two manors into which Bourne was divided.

Bourne Castle: the original estate centre of the manor of Bourne, once it had been divided from the manor of Bourne Abbots. There is no conclusive written evidence as to its exact date but all the circumstantial evidence points to 1138-40. Its layout has dictated that of the W part of the town.

Bourne Meadows: S of Dyke Haws, N of Bourn Outgang (Spalding Road), W of Gobbold’s Park & E of East Field (EEB), around TF109212, each side of Meadow Drove.

Bourne-Morton Canal: an archaeological feature extending from Spalding Road, TF108205, to well toward the E end of Morton Fen, TF153245 (FIRT pp. 32-3, Plate IX and Map 3). Much of its length is detectable in Google Earth: Southern end: Northern end: around New Dike.

Bourne North Fen: around TF140210, E of Barnes Drove, W of River Glen, N of Bourne Eau

Bourne Outgang: the modern Spalding Road adjoining Newlands and Friar Bar Pastures, from at least as far W as Mannning Road and E as far as Friar Bar. (EEB & BAEM)

Bourne Park: perhaps the name of the park attached to Bourne Castle. In the early 17th century, this appears to have become the park of the Red Hall but this is speculative. However, the name is mentioned earlier, in National Archive document F(M) Charter/2285  (5 Feb anno 13 Hen VIII [1522]). Around 1800, the name appears to have been one sometimes used for Abbey House but references are always ambiguous, as in this example.

Bourne Reeds: a small roadside plot along the E side of the modern A6121 at TF078193 (original OS). Plot number 133, 1 rod, 18 perches (EEB) = 1467 m². Held by the Bourne Abbots Estate (BAEM), copyhold of the Exeter Estate (EEB). Neither estate map names it. See OS map of 1891. By 1891, it appears shrubby.

Bourne South Fen: Between Bedehouse Bank and the River Glen at Tongue End. S of Bourne Eau, E of Car Dyke, N of Tunnel Bank (BAEM & EEB) and W of the River Glen.

Bourne South Fen Pastures: E of Car Dyke, N of Thurlby parish boundary, W of Sir Gilbert Heathcote’s Tunnel & S of Tunnel Bank.

Bourne West Field: around TF084200, W of Bourne. (map)

Bourne Wood: at the W end of the parish, part of an extensive woodland area extending into Edenham and Morton parishes. EEB records the Exeter Estate’s ownership of 578 acres, 32 perches.

‘The Bovril’: the ironical name of the rendering plant of T.W.Mays, where fallen stock was converted into bone meal, glue etc.  Some of its buildings remain adjacent to the South Fen Slype at TF111199. It closed in about 1981. (details)

Brewery Lane: part of the modern Burghley Street. See Ordnance Survey map of 1891.  Renamed in Oct 1899. (Stamford Mercury 13 Oct 1899.)

Broad water: in or adjacent to Moor Field, Dyke. Mentioned in 1720.

Brun: is a Latin form of the name of Bourne. The Domesday Book (1086) treats it as a fourth declension noun (in Brune). See e.g.  entry 42,3.

Brunne: is a form of the name of Bourne. See Brunne Ee.

Brvn: is a Latin form of the name of Bourne. The Domesday Book (1086) treats it as a fourth declension noun (in Brvne). See e.g.  entry 14,87.

Brunne Ee: The Sewers Commission report of 1293 (Wheeler, p.246) lists this, Tolhan and Blake Kyrk successively as though each were a continuation of the one before. Then it allocates the responsibility for bank repair to Brunne (Bourne) from Brunne to Goderamscote on the north side (i.e. in North Fen to its eastern extremity) and from Brunne to Merehirne on the south (i.e. in South Fen with Merehirne to be read as Tongue End). Brunne Ee might then be read as Bourne Eau to Tongue End; and Tolhan as the River Glen from Tongue End to Guthram Gowt. Blake Kyrk would then be the Glen from Guthram Gowt to Surfleet. This was probably the responsibility of Pinchbeck, though that is explicit only on the south side from Merehirn to Surfleet. The missing allocation of the north bank responsibility for Blake Kyrk could be accounted for if no raised bank existed in that position. (A fuller explanation to follow on a separate page RJP3)

Bull Inn: The present Burghley Arms. Its yard became the cattle market and is now Budgen’s car park and the post-1990s market place (EEB).

Burdett’s Close: EEB plot 156. TF088222, across the road W of Cawthorpe Hall.

Burne: is a form of the name of Bourne. e.g. see Kirke’s will of 1685.

Caldecott’s Drove: a field access road at TF118223, leading northwards from Dyke Drove, into the western end of Dyke Fen, north of Gobbold’s Park. (EEB & BAEM)

Car Dyke: a major feature of the drainage of the Lincolnshire fen edge. In Bourne, it serves as a catchwater drain (RJP1). In the twelfth and early thirteenth centuries, it marked the W edge of Kesteven Royal Forest. Its origin is generally accepted as being Roman but its purpose is still debated. In Bourne, the catchwater function seems to be original but as a whole, it seems to have been also, a boundary marker (RJP3). It is named as Car Dike by EEB & BAEM. The section to the S and E of Bedehouse Bank is medieval, probably cut in the thirteenth century when the fen was disafforested. (RJP3) Moore dates the disafforestation to 1231. (Moore p. XXII) The section similarly diverted via Manning Road is twentieth century.

Cawthorpe West Field: around TF087220, W & SW of Cawthorpe (EEB). This area is not named by BAEM.

Cedars, The: the house opposite the west front of the parish church, now known as Bourne Eau House. After its name was changed, the Cedars name was used for the house marked ‘Vicarage’ in this map of 1891.

Church Street: the short section of the present Abbey Road, which lies between the Market Place and the first bend; that is, between the Nag’s Head and Church Walk. The name was changed in October 1899 (Stamford Mercury 13 Oct 1899). See Star Lane.

Coal Wharf or Coal Yard: the wharf at which coal arrived in Bourne. It lay on the north bank of the Bourne Eau just to the east of the Fen Bridge (Birkbeck p.94). The sixteenth century Colehouse was in the same position (see Colehouse Stile). The wharf appears to be alongside the site of the ‘Bason’ referred to as then existing, by the Bourne Eau Navigation Act of 1781.

Colehouse Close: presumably near the coal wharf. See National Archives document HILL 38/1 (1613)

Colehouse Stile: In the time of Elizabeth I, the western end of the Waredyke (Weir Dike) (Wheeler p.250 ¶3) and the eastern end of the Eastgate part of the town. It was on the north side of the Bourne Eau. The head of the Weir Dike is shown by BAEM, without naming it, as lying at TF107199. Coordinates 52° 45’ 56.4 N 0° 21’ 38.2” W. The dike is no longer very evident this far west, though a manhole indicates that it is present in a culvert.

Collins’ Bridge: the bridge across the eastern end of the Bourne Eau Navigation basin, Eastgate (1854). This is deduced by inference from the name of Collins’ Bridge Road, the road leading from it. Collins Bridge is also named in John Featherstone’s map of Deeping Fen, 1763. (DEFRA Report Fig. 4, on p. 30). Birkbeck (p.94) does not use the name; referring to it as the Fen Bridge. See also South Fen Bar.

Collins’ Bridge Road: that part of the modern Cherryholt Road between the crossing of Bourne Eau and Willoughby Road (1854). (This is deduced by comparison of the description in EGdoc018, with EEB.)

Common: in writing of Bourne, Cooke (ca. 1808) refers briefly, to the common and the horse-racing done there. Where this might have been at this date, is hard to say.

Cotehill: a cottage against the S bank of Bourne Eau at TF145191. See map of 1892. EEB gives the name to the site of its plot 91; see also Mill Bank.

Cross Drove: a drove in North Fen, linking long Drove and Dyke Drove; just east of Gobbold’s Park (BAEM & EEB). O.S. Pathfinder (1988) calls it Barnes Drove.

Crown Close: adjoining Car Dyke and Spalding Road. It is the E half of Bourne Abbey School’s premises (EEB plot 31).

Go to:  B  D  F  H  J  L  N  P  R  T  W

Decoy: EEB plot 297. TF165204, towards the NE end of North Fen Pastures. It was part of a large area owned by Lord Exeter. Its outline is seen in an OS map of 1891. BAEM mentions another, in South Fen around TF135194 but neither estate map shows it. The South Fen decoy appears to be represented by a symbol in Saxton’s map of 1576, though it seems to have been converted to pasture by the mid-1820s.

Dike Outgang: the road E of  Dyke township; from Wath Bridge between Bourne Meadows and Dyke Meadows, to Dyke Fen and Gobbold’s Park, EEB & BAEM.

Division Drain: the drain on the boundary between Bourne South Fen Pastures and Northorpe Fen. An alternative name was Partition Drain. (Miles p. 3.)

Doctor’s Close: EEB plot 111. TF091200, Manor Lane, behind the BUC houses. (This is not Doctor’s Yard.)

Doctor’s Yard: TF095205, on the site of the present Tesco petrol station. It was one of the many back yards in which low quality cottages were built in the nineteenth century. Most were cleared after the Second World War as a result of regulations introduced just before the war.

Dog Hill Field: around TF093225, N of Cawthorpe, W of A15 Dyke turning (EEB). According to BAEM this is part of Quinto Field.

Dyke Ea: the original river flowing from Eau Well, Dyke across the fen to the tidal water, then existing in Pinchbeck North Fen. In 1576 Saxton showed it joining the Glen close to Pinchbeck, around the site of Money Bridge TF2125.

Dyke Fen: around TF140222, around Dyke Drove, E of Dyke Meadow to about TF162227. See map.

Dyke Haws: south of Dyke Outgang, around TF107220. E of Car Dyke, at The Heg, W of Gobbold’s Park, N of Bourne Meadows and Bourne East Field (BAEM & EEB). The name implies pre-1766 enclosures. See map.

Dyke Meadows: around TF112225, E of Dyke, around Gravel Drain. W from Scotten Dike to Car Dyke in the N and in the S, to Wath Field. Mentioned in 1720: footnote 22. See map.

Dyke Outgang: The road between the Car and Scotten Dykes, leading from Dyke to Dyke Fen. See maps 1 and 2.

Ea Dyke: Called Ee Dyke in Elizabeth I’s reign (Wheeler p.250 ¶3). It is the largely artificial drain from Eau Well, Dyke, along Dyke Drove replacing Dyke Ea.

East Cote: the homestead at Tongue End.

Eastcote: the homestead at Tongue End.

East Field: around TF100210, NE of Bourne, between A15 & Car Dyke. (BAEM).

East Street: is probably Abbey Road or the western end of it. It seems not to have been Eastgate. In the fourteenth century, Eastgate was apparently part of Potter Street and a list of 1380 distinguishes between that and East Street. (Moore)

Eaugate: the E-W section of Eastgate. The short, N-S section of Eastgate was part of Potter Street.

Eau Well: TF108221, in Dyke Haws.  The source of Dyke Eau. See OS map of 1891.

Edenham Road: westward from TF088224, on the S edge of Haseland Field between Cawthorpe and Bourne Wood, leading to Edenham (EEB). BAEM is less unambiguous about the extent of Haseland Field. See Bourne Abbots map of 1825. Later called Wood Lane (OS Pathfinder 856 1:25 000 1988). See OS map of 1891. The part near and in the wood looks early, while the eastern end is an enclosures-period road (1771). Hayes & Lane (fig. 83), show it crossing several medieval ridges.

Ediswonk: a shot ‘in the field of Bourne’. 13th cent. (Foster p. x.) Peacock (1876) gives wong as an obsolete term for a measure of land.

Elm Terrace: a row of houses at a right angle to the W of North Road TF095207. See OS map of 1891.

Engine Drain: leads water alongside the A151, to the pump at Guthram (OS).

Estcate: apparently, East Cote. (Moore p. 4.) Richard II’s reign.

Esthawe: TF145171. The Cross at Esthawe marked the eastern end of the Bourne/Thurlby boundary in Richard II’s reign. (Moore p4.)

Fen Bridge: the bridge across the Bourne Eau Navigation, Eastgate (Birkbeck p.94).  (1854). Compare Collins’ Bridge.

Forestry Camp: the Ministry of Labour work camp (TF086204). It provided accommodation for men working for the Forestry Commission in re-planting Bourne Wood. It was active from 1926 to the mid-1930s. Its huts became those of the Hereward School.

Fosters Drove: in North Fen, S from Long Drove to The Slipe. TF131207 to 130197. (EEB)

Friar Bar: TF11782079. On the A151 where Bourne Outgang entered Bourne North Fen and became Long Drove EEB. Called Frier’s Bar by BAEM. It was at the SE corner of Gobbold’s Park (BAEM). In Elizabeth I’s reign, it was called Bourne Bar (Wheeler p.250 ¶3).

Friar Bar Hurn: position, as EEB’s version of Friar Bar Pastures (Hayes & Lane). It looks as though Hayes & Lane (fig. 83), interpreted the name as being synonymous with Friar Bar Pastures but a reading of BAEM in the light of Wheeler p.250 end of ¶3, implies a position of TF117202. Here is an eastward-extending hurn (nook) on the extremity of Friar Bar Pastures. In the BAEM, the drain described by Wheeler’s source passes around three sides of it. Coordinates 52° 46’ 03.23” N 0° 20’ 45.84” W.

Friar Bar Pastures: around TF115203, S of Spalding Road opposite Gobbold’s Park Drove, N of Bourne Eau (EEB). Called Frier Bar Pastures by BAEM but there, the word ‘Pastures’ lies to the east of the delineated area, extending the designation towards Milking Nook Drove.

Gallway Close: mentioned in National Archives document 1 DPD1/13 (20 May 1728).

Gamble’s Close: EEB plot 160. TF091221, E of the road between Cawthorpe House & Cawthorpe Farm.

River Glen: forms the E boundary of Bourne parish from Thurlby parish (TF145178) to Guthram Gowt (TF173224). In the Roman Period, it entered tidal waters near the latter point (Phillips map 3 & pp.259-61: interpreted as salterns).

Gobbold's Park: around TF110213, each side of Gobbold’s Park Drove (OS Pathfinder 856 1:25 000 1988), Dyke Drove & Spalding Road (BAEM & EEB). It was a mediaeval enclosure of part of North Fen and is probably named after John Gubaud, who died in 1310 (Platts p.33)

Gobbold’s Park Drove: the modern name (OS Pathfinder 856 1:25 000 1988) for what was formerly Middle Drove (BAEM & EEB). BAEM gives the name, ‘Gobolds Park Drove’ to that between Bourne Meadows (TF109211) and Gobbold’s Park. (TF117213). EEB calls the latter ‘Gobolds Park Road’.

Goderhamscote: Guthram Gowt TF172224. In Richard II’s reign. (Moore p. 4)

Goodram’s Cote: Guthram Gowt TF172224. In the time of Elizabeth I, the eastern end of the Weir Dike lay here (Wheeler p.250 ¶3).

Greyhound Inn: was a boarding house for seasonal workers on the N side of the modern A151 at Friar Bar (OS 1:25 000 First Series TF12. 1955). See Ordnance Survey map of 1891.

Guthram Cote Toll Gate: TF167220, by Drainage Farm and marked by the chicane in the modern A151. The beginning of the turnpike road to Spalding which opened in 1822. Paterson (text), EEB & BAEM.

Guthram Gowt Engine: the fen drainage engine on the N side of the modern A151 and the W side of the South 40 foot Drain. See OS map of 1889. It was set up following the Acts of Parliament of 1841 and 1843 (Wheeler pp. 279-283). This seems to have been when the name Guthram Cote changed to Guthram Gowt.

Guttram: a form of ‘Guthram’ used in the list of residents of White’s Directory 1882 (Eldret).

Hardwick’s Yard: a plot of 2 rods, 26 perches, on the north-east side of the street in Cawthorpe, to the north-west of and adjoining the present Cawthorpe Farm. (EEB plot 162) TF091223.

Hasleland Field: around TF085226, on each side of Hasleland Road. N of Cawthorpe and Edenham Road, W of the Turnpike road and E of Bourne Wood. Its S was marked by Edenham Road and a line between there and the Dyke turning. (BAEM & EEB). See map.

Hasleland Road: in Hasleland Field, northward from TF088224, leading from Cawthorpe towards Hanthorpe (BAEM & EEB). See map.

The Hegg: EEB plot 198. Around TF104220: The strip to the south of Dyke in which the earthworks of the Car Dyke are preserved. Called The Heg by BAEM. See map.

Hereward Approved School: housed in the former Ministry of Labour camp in the S of the two Stray Pastures (TF086204). The site is now Forest and Woodland Avenues and part of Beech Avenue. The N of the Stray Pastures became its sports ground.  See a description.

Herring Bridge: TF124222: a bridge across Bourne New Dike carrying Dike Drove (BAEM). At the NE corner of Gobbold’s Park, the Bourne New Dike, which formed the E boundary of Gobbold’s Park, left it and turned E along the centre of Dyke Drove. The S carriageway, therefore has to cross the dike. OS Pathfinder 856 1:25 000 1988 calls the S carriageway Bourne Drove.

Hocroft End: a feature in or adjacent to Cawthorpe West Field. Mentioned in 1720: footnote 19.

Holme End: see Le Holme End.

The Hurn: land adjoining Hangate Way, probably in Dyke. Mentioned in 1720: footnote 16.

Hussey’s Wood ?Close:  around TF084222. Pencilled note on BAEM subsequently struck out. See map

Hussey’s Wood ?[Past]ures:  around TF083218. Pencilled note on BAEM. See map

Isolation Hospital: there have been two in Bourne. The first was set up to deal with the cholera epidemic associated with the navvies building the railway in 1859/60. It was in Manor Lane, at TF093197. See map (1891). Its replacement was E of the A15, at TF102189. (Ordnance Survey, 1:25 000 First Series 1955)

Jonathan Ward’s mill: (1910) wind pump lifting from Division Drain to Weir Dyke, draining 489 acres of South Fen Pastures and Northorpe Fen. (Miles, p5. 15&16.)

Kettle Fold Close: Part of EEB plot 197. TF105222, adjoining Car Dyke, S of Wath Close, Dyke.

Lady Chapel: a chapel dedicated to Our Lady, contiguous with Bourne Abbey church but entered from the churchyard (Hickman 381), 1533/4. Its doorway may be detected in a buttress supporting the wall of the present Lady Chapel, which is inside the church. The external chapel appears to have been demolished in the mid-17th century as surplus to the requirements of current thinking (as happened at Peterborough Cathedral. Gunton p. 339): possibly in December 1643, at the hands of Cromwell’s troopers (RJP3). The present one, inside the church, dates from the 1920s.

Le Holme End: ‘at the South entrance of the town of Bourne’ (Duncombe papers in Lincolnshire Archives 2 DPD24 & 2 DPD28). At TF097198. A holm is a hill or island (Peacock) but OED also gives holm1: 3. a piece of flat low-lying ground by a river or stream. In the present context, this would date the name to a time before the castle was built, diverting the river from its natural bed.

Leve Brigg: seems to be the bridge on Bourne Eau which carries Cherryholt Road. Taken as marking the edge of Bourne. (14th cent. inquisition reported by Wheeler, p.247.)

London E Cote: the homestead at Tongue End (Hondius (1610).

London Est Cote: the homestead at Tongue End (Saxton 1576). The legend of his map is ambiguous since it is by two symbols, one at Tongue End, the other under the S bank of Bourne Eau.

Long Drove: between Friar Bar and the turnpike gate (EEB & BAEM) near Guthram Gowt, formerly Gutheram Cote (BAEM). It is now part of the A151, Spalding Road. This is also the more modern name of Long Road, in South Fen q.v.

Long Road: the main drove in South Fen. So called by the EEB and the BAEM (1825). Miles (p.2) refers to the drain alongside it as Long Drove Drain (1976). The OS map of 1891 (see map) and the 1986 1:25 000 OS agree and call the road Long Drove. The original OS map calls it Black Drove.

Lyme Kiln Field: the reference, National Archives document 1 DPD5/4-5 (21-22 April, 1739) is ambiguous. Its meaning depends on the punctuation one provides. Apparently, it places the field in the Moor but the ref. may refer to two separate holdings: ‘8 gadds of land or ley ground in Lyme Kiln field’ and ‘ in the Moor’, ‘lands of 1 acre’. The phrase ‘in Dyke’ may belong with either.

If “the Moor” means Moor Field, there is cornbrash to feed a lime kiln in its W half (IGS, sheet 143).

In 1891, there was a kiln across the road from the Eau Well (TF108222, see OS map) but, in 1739, this site will have been part of the open, Wath Field. The cornbrash is exposed in this vicinity (IGS, sheet 143) and a strip extends from here, across the Car Dyke via part of the old enclosures, Dyke Haws.

Go to:  B  D  F  H  J  L  N  P  R  T  W

Manning Road: was renamed Mannyng Road from Buck (probably originally Back) Lane in October 1899. Stamford Mercury 10 Oct 1899. aka Meadowgate Road (OS 1891)

Manor Street: mentioned in Peak’s manuscript of 1380. (Moore) The most likely guess is that the name refers to the Manor House at TF101197, in Austerby, which will be the modern name of the street. The north front of this manor house is stylistically exactly in keeping with a rebuild at the 1605 date of the fire, recorded as having burnt the whole street. (Moore) The modern Manor Lane evidently takes its name from the 18th century Manor House at TF092201. The former pertained to Bourne Abbots and the latter to the manor of Bourne.

The Market Place: lies where West Street, North Street, Abbey Road and South Street meet (TF096202). It originated as the junction of the road leading from the N to the castle gate, with the road leading around the perimeter of the castle. It acted as the site of the Thursday and Saturday markets until weight of passing traffic made it too dangerous. The markets are now held to the E of the Town Hall.

Meadowgate Road: the back lane N of Star Lane, leading to Bourne Meadows. See OS map of 1891.

Meaylhawe: A place on the Thurlby/Bourne boundary between Esthawe and Arfthwenth (Moore p.4). A haw was hedge or an enclosed piece of ground (OED Haw sb.1).

Merehirne: inquisition at Gosberton, 1294; reported by Wheeler p.246. – description consistent with this being Tongue End, TF155187, which is a hirn (nook) on the mere (boundary) between Kesteven and Holland.

Merton = Morton. (Moore p. 4)

Mill Bank: near EEB plot 91 which is the site of the ruined cottage behind the Red Hall. Plot 90, is described as ‘water mill & garden’. The existing plan is of too small a scale to include the plot number of Baldock’s Mill but plot 89 is now the Memorial Garden. A larger scale plan, which will have been on a now missing page, will have clarified the matter.

Moore’s Cote or Coote: On the west side of the River Glen, between Gutherham and Tongue End. (Wheeler Appx. I p. 28)

Moor Field: around TF100228, E of the Turnpike Road (A15), N of Dyke hamlet W of Car Dyke BAEM. See map and footnote 4.

The Moor: an early enclosure, probably one near the middle of Moor Field, Dyke. See footnote 12. Mentioned in a Lincs Archive document (1739). See map.

Mortar Pits: TF104198. S of the head of navigation on the Bourne Eau and E of the diverted Car Dyke (BAEM & EEB).

Morton Mear: adjacent to Moor Field, Dyke. Mentioned in 1720: footnote 8. This is probably the ‘boundary’ meaning of mere (OED Mere, mear 1.) rather than a shallow lake. It will have been the boundary between Bourne and Morton parishes. See footnote 8. With the spelling ‘meere’, the word appears in several combinations in Peacock’s glossary.

Morton Road: the main road from Dyke, leading to Morton (1720: footnote 14). Now part of the A15.

Narwehee: the narrow eau between Bourne and Guthram. That is, apparently, the Weir Dike. (Wheeler Appx. I p. 28)

New Dike: the dike along the parish boundary between Dyke and Morton fens. The original Ordnance Survey calls it Dyke River but it was referred to as New Dike in the reign of Elizabeth I (Wheeler p.250 ¶3) and is so now.

Newlands: around TF109202, between A151 & Bourne Eau. Between Cherryholt Road and Friar Bar Pastures. The E boundary was the dike at easting TF1126 (OS Pathfinder 856 1:25 000 1988 & EEB).

New Scotten Dike: the name given by EEB to the Gravel Dike/Gravel Drain, in Dyke Meadow (OS Pathfinder 856 1:25 000 1988).

North Fen Pastures: around TF161196, NE of Bourne Eau & NW of River Glen, at the S end of Twenty Drove’s extension S of Twenty (EEB).

North Field: around TF090214, NW of Bourne, W of A15. (BAEM & EEB). See map.

North-gat: North Street. (Moore) It is called North Gate by the EEB. It is aligned on the main gate of the castle but the name will come from Scandinavian for way or street (Danish = gade: Swedish = gata).

North Road: existing at present. It continued North Street from the modern Meadowgate ( TF096205) to the toll gate, just north of Mill Drove (TF096212).

Nutto Field: around TF100220, SW of Dyke, between A15 & Car Dyke. See map. Called Nutts Field by EEB but amended to Nutto in pencil. See map.

Nutts Field: see Nutto Field. (Duncombe papers in Lincolnshire Archives: no. 2 DPD21). The draughtsman of the EEB used this name but it has been amended to Nutto.

Old Scotten Dike: see Scotten Dike.

Our Lady’s Chapel: at the turning gates, in the parish churchyard. (Hickman 381), 1533/4.

Outgang: see Bourne Outgang.

Overflow Weir: at the eastern end of the north bank of the Bourne Eau, about six metres of the top of the bank is lowered and hardened to serve when the river is over-full, as an overflow into the Weir Dike which then carries the water via the South Forty Foot Drain, to Boston. This route is normally avoided as it involves pumping. (Miles pp 2 & 5)

Park Closes: around TF082194, by the A6121, W of Bourne. EEB regards this, including land W of the A6121, as part of Bourne West Field.

Partition Drain: see Division Drain.

Peter’s Pool: see Wellhead Pool.

Pickworths Drove: in the North Fen, N from Long Drove. TF132207 to TF133216. (EEB)

Pinfold Lane: renamed Hereward Street in Oct 1899. (Stamford Mercury 10 Oct 99). Pinfold Road did not then exist.

Plough: EEB plot 188. Public house in Dyke. NE corner of the square at the E end of the street. TF106245

Police Station: was in North Street, adjacent to the modern Burghley Street. TF095204. (Photograph: McGregor fig. 228). In 1892, there was another in Twenty. See OS map.

Potter Street: the street along the eastern bank of the Roman Car Dyke, between Spalding Road and Austerby, passing across the river; or perhaps just its northern part, from the river to Spalding Road. The southern part is now regarded as part of Willoughby Road and the northern one, as part of Eastgate. However, in 1637, Potter Street was distinct from Eastgate, which existed as Eaugate simultaneously with Potter-street. Reported by Moore. There was a pottery which adjoined both it and Eaugate. TF102199. Potter Street’s mention in the late fourteenth century is consistent with this placement. (Moore)

The Pound: an enclosure for stray livestock. On the N side of the modern Spalding Road. See OS map.

Quinto Field: around TF093218, N, E & SE of Cawthorpe & W of A15. (BAEM) See map. EEB divides it into Quinto Field and Dog Hill Field.

Railway Station: alongside the Red Hall TF096197. See OS map of 1891. There was another, at Twenty (TF154204). See OS map 1892.

The Red Hall: a well-known feature of the town at TF097198. For documents, see Duncombe papers in Lincolnshire Archives and 1 DPD1.

The Rest: a boarding house for seasonal workers at Tongue End. See OS map of 1892.

Rosecraft or Rosecroft: in Moor Field, Dyke (1720. See footnote 7).

Royal Oak: the now-closed public house on the E side of North Street. In 1826, it was held copyhold of the Exeter Estate (EEB plot 4). Its name was probably applied soon after 1660, though perhaps not to the present building.

Saint Peter’s Hospital: the long-stay hospital housed in the former Union Workhouse building.

Scotten Dike: a dike running parallel with The Car Dyke between TF115222, Dyke Outgang, and Rippingale Running Dike, draining the upland ends of the fens, with drains at intervals, carrying its water to the South Forty Foot Drain. In the Morton part of EEB it is also called Old Scotten Dike. It is named in the Black Sluice Act of 1765 (Wheeler). My guess is that it takes its name from a scot (a local, as opposed to Crown tax) (OED scot, n.2 2.) raised to pay for it (RJP). The OED’s earliest reference to the word, in this context is dated 1432-50. This date is earlier than the 17th century fen drainage but so is the drainage of the area W of the Scotten Dike.

Sekholme: a place in the fen and on the Bourne/Morton boundary, perhaps at its eastern end. (Moore p. 4)  A holm is a riverside summer pasture (OED) and ‘sek’ may mean ‘dry’; cf. French sec. Thus, it might be near TF170235, on the silt near Guthrum Farm. A holme is a patch of land standing a little above that which is liable to winter flooding (paraphrasing Healey). Possibly, the name relates to the terms of tenure (OED rent seck). Peacock gives seck = sack.

Sheepcote Close: EEB plots 93 & 107. TF093197, E & W of Manor Lane SW of the castle site.

Seven Streets of Bourne: listed in an account of 1380; namely Manor-street, Potter-street, East-street, West-street, Water-street (now South Street), North-gat, and Southgate. (Moore).

Sir Gilbert Heathcote’s Tunnel: TF149182 (OS 1:25 000 First Series TF11 1955). A drainage tunnel passing under the River Glen. It permits the drainage of Bourne South, Northorpe and Thurlby fens as part of Deeping Fen (Miles). Dugdale called it ‘Thurby Tunnell’ (map reproduced by Miles, p.7.).

Skip-role Close: according to Kirke’s will, dated January 1685/6, this was in Burne which we may take as meaning Bourne Parish.

The Slipe (North Fen): the strip of land between Bourne Eau and the Wear Dike; E to North Fen Pastures TF147191. (EEB)  BAEM names it as extending E to N Fen Pastures, TF147190. Westwards it tapers away but extends at least to TF113201. The feature continues E to Guthram but in the Pastures it is laid out in plots and E of there (TF169202 to TF173222) it is called The Wash.

The Slipe (South Fen): the strip of land alongside Bourne Eau from TF104198 to TF 134195, where it ended at the Marquis of Exeter’s decoy and pastures (BAEM). According to EEB, beyond Lord Exeter’s land, it continued to Tongue End (TF138193 to TF153187). This part is shown but not named by BAEM.

South Fen Bar: is mentioned by the Bourne Eau Navigation Act of 1781 (p.345). It is possibly the Fen Bridge but a little more likely to have been the western end of Long Road at its crossing of  the Car Dyke.

South Fen Pumping Station: at the E end of South Fen, S of Long Drove and E of Weir Dike; for transferring water to River Glen (Miles pp. 15 & 22).

South Field: around TF100195, extended from the SW corner of the parish to the Car Dyke. It broadened towards its E end to the S edge of the Cemetery site (EEB) or to The Austerby, including the cemetery site (BAEM).

Southgate: was named in 1380 as one of the seven streets of Bourne (Moore). Perhaps it extended southwards from Water Street but may have been the road laid out between the abbey and castle, in ca. 1140, retained in parallel with Water-street from c. 1280 at least until 1380 and now called Church Walk.

South Lodge: on the N corner of Coggles causeway at junction with the A15. See OS map of 1891, or Lanes page 5.

Sparrowsike: in or adjacent to Nutto Field (1720. footnote 21). In this context, a sike is a ditch through which a very small stream flows, perhaps drying out in summer (OED sike 1.). Rarely, up to 1669, it was also used to mean a stretch of meadow or field (OED sike 2.).

Stamp Close: EEB plot 106. TF092196, W side of Manor Lane SW of the castle site.

Star Lane: the east-west part of the modern Abbey Road. See Ordnance Survey map of 1891. See Church Street. Renamed Abbey Road in October 1899. (Stamford Mercury 13 Oct 1899.) It is aligned on the main gate of the castle.

Stocking Close: EEB plot 97, W of the A15 opposite the ambulance station; TF100189.

Stone Pit: TF106192. W of the 90° bend in Tunnel Bank (BAEM & EEB), which was Stone Pit Road (EEB). The word ‘Pit’ is probably abraded away in BAEM. It will have been a source of cornbrash for the mortar pits.

The Stong: EEB plot 256. TF113245, alongside the A151 opposite junction with Gobold’s Park Drove. Stang or stong = rood, a measure of land (Peacock).

Stray Pastures: EEB plots 145 & 146. Around TF086205, Forest Avenue/Poplar Crescent. Cf. Stray Garth in Kirton-in-Lindsey – Probably where stray livestock was put (Peacock).

Swift’s Math: 6 acres of land in Gobbold’s Park. See National Archives document 1 DPD5/7 (Easter 1741).

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Tallow: TF125200, N of Bourne Eau, where the railway later crossed Bourne Eau into the North Fen (Hayes & Lane fig. 83).

Temperance Café: a coffee house established on the W side of South Street, to provide a social meeting place away from alcoholic drink. See White’s 1882.

The Terrace: houses to the W of North Street and N of Woodview TF095205. See OS map of 1891. Precisely which houses the map designates is a little ambiguous but John Musselwhite confirms that The Terrace was the row of three storey houses to the right of their title on the 1891 OS map. They stood back further than the still extant small row of terraced houses immediately to their south. It occupied most of the site of the present bus station (OS) and was demolished in the years around 1960 (JM).

Thurlby Main Drain: alternative name, Weir Dyke: the soak dike against the Glen Bank in Thurlby, Northorpe and Bourne South fens.

Tin Lane: the former name of the north-south part of the modern Exeter Street. See Ordnance Survey map of 1891. 

Tolham: also Tolhan - seemingly, the segment of the River Glen between Tongue End and Guthram Gowt. See Brunne Ee.

The Tongue Pasture: EEB plot 255. TF111245, alongside the A151 W of The Stong

Tongue End: the eastern extremity of South Fen where the Bourne Eau and the river Glen are arranged to merge TF155187. Strictly, the tongue of land between them was Tongue End. It still lies within the artificially raised river banks but is now downstream from the confluence at the modern sluice. The name came into more extended use to refer to its vicinity (OS 1:25 000 TF11) (1955), and particularly for the hamlet in Deeping St Nicholas Parish, which lies along Counter Drain Drove, to the south of the Glen (OS Pathfinder 877) (1986). Tongue End proper is named by BAEM (1825), as ‘Tongue-End or East Cote’. The latter name will come from the homestead there and appears to be the earlier one. An Act of Parliament of 1770 uses the Tongue End name (Wheeler p. 259) but one of Charles II’s reign calls it Eastcote (Wheeler Appendix I). Hondius (1610) calls it ‘London E Cote’. See also, Merehirne (1294) and Featherstone’s map (DEFRA Report Fig. 4, p. 30 (slow uploading)). `

Tongue End Bridge: carries Long Drove over the River Glen (Miles, p15.).

Town Houses: see Workhouse (parish).

Tunnel Bank: The road along the N edge of South Fen Pastures. It runs along the S bank of the Tunnel Drain which leads to Sir Gilbert Heathcote’s Tunnel. (Tunnel Bank name: OS 1:25 000 First Series TF11 1955. Called Cherry Holt Road by OS Pathfinder 877. 1986. It is not named by the estate maps.)

Tunnel Bank Drain: = Tunnel Drain (1976 Miles p. 3.)

Tunnel Drain: see Tunnel Bank.

Turning Gates: in the parish churchyard. (Hickman 381), 1533/4. This will have been a turnstile to keep animals out of the churchyard.

Twenty: a hamlet developed from the mid-nineteenth century onward, where the Spalding Road (formerly Long Drove EEB) crossed the line of the old Twenty Foot Drain.

Twenty Drove connects Bourne Drove, TF152123 to the A151, TF154207, at Twenty. It lies on the E bank of the old Twenty Foot Drain. 1955 (OS 1:25 000)

Old Twenty Foot Drain: Along the W margin of Twenty Drove (EEB). This part is now filled in (RJP1). This is one of the two parallel main drains formed by Lord Lindsey’s drainage scheme (Dugdale The Map of Lindsey Level).

Union Street: now called St Peter’s Road. In 1882, it led to the Union Workhouse.

The Wash: the strip of land at the eastern end of the North Fen, between the River Glen and the Wear (Weir) Dike, from North Fen Pastures eastward. (EEB) BAEM calls it simply Wash and ascribes an area of 31 acres to it.

Watergang: South Street alongside the castle moat. The same as Water-street. 1827 (EEB) It appears to have been laid out in the later 13th century on the outer works of the castle. (RJP3)

Water-street: South Street. = Watergang. It appears to have been laid out around 1280 as a re-development of the Bourne Manor estate. 1380 (Moore)

Wath Bridge: the crossing of the road from Dyke township to Wath Field, over the Car Dyke, TF106224. See map 1891. Not named by the estate maps and shown as a ford by BAEM, 1825. A wath was a ford (OED wath & wathstead).

Wath Close: Part of EEB plot 197. TF106223, adjoining Car Dyke, S of Wath Bridge, Dyke.

Wath Field: around TF110225, E of Car Dyke, W of Gravel Drain, S of New Dike & N of Dyke Drove. See map

Weir Dike: also Weardyke, Wardick or Waredyke, perhaps also Narwehee - the soak dike on the N side of the Bourne Eau and W of the Glen, from Colehouse stile eastwards. It presumably takes its name from the present, or an earlier overflow weir. In the time of Elizabeth I, it ended at Goodram’s Cote (Wheeler p.250 ¶3). Near the end of her reign, it was recommended for extension to Dovehirne in Pinchbeck. In the same period, its western end was diverted or linked from Friar Bar Hurn to Ea Dyke. BAEM shows it as linked. There is another Weir Dyke in Thurlby and Northorpe fens, similarly acting as a soak dike against the north bank of the Glen and draining to Sir Gilbert Heathcote’s Tunnel. It therefore, extends just into Bourne South Fen. Its alternative name is Thurlby Main Drain. (1976 Miles pp. 3., 15. & 19.)

Wellhead Pool: known also as (St) Peter’s Pool, is a pool in the Bourne United Charities’ public park, TF093199. It impounds the flow of water from the spring which is the source of the Bourne Eau, into the natural head of its small valley. In its present form, it dates from about 1140 and formed the key to the castle’s wet moat system. It also provided a head of water to drive the castle’s mill, thence the Abbey’s mill. Its bank was raised when West Street Mill was inserted into the system. Since the number of mill sites possible in the parish is limited, it is almost certainly the site of one of the pre-Conquest Domesday mill pools. In that form, it would ante-date the castle, though its bank may have been raised during construction of the castle (ca. 1140).

West Field: see Bourne West Field or Cawthorpe West Field.

Westgate : the 18th century name of West Street.

West-street: the West-street of 1380 is consistent with the modern West Street. (Moore)

West Street Mill: a small bark-crushing mill set up before the mid 18th century at the back of 31 West Street. It is mentioned as a water mill in Westgate by National Archives document 1 DPD1/5 (20 May, 1722). It is listed as part of a small tannery there in the 1830s (Lincolnshire Archive). It is sometimes Called Cliffe’s Mill, after the 20th century shopkeepers there.

Willoughby Road: was so named in October 1899. Stamford Mercury 10 Oct 1899.

Old Windmill: public house on the E side of North Street. Its building is now incorporated into Wake house. See McGregor Fig. 226.

Wood Close: EEB plot 165, TF080224, adjoining Wood Lane.

Wood Lane: the lane from Cawthorpe towards Edenham. See Edenham Road and OS map.

Wooley’s Yard: was the wheelwright’s yard of Joseph Woolley. According to John Musselwhite, it was on the land between North Street and Woodview, a little to the N of the present Bughley Street. It is shown but not named, in the OS map of 1891. At present, the site is that of Marquess Court. The business seems to have been started by John Woolley, in 1812, next to the Royal Oak. EEB (1826) and Stamford Mercury (1812). When Joseph’s son, Walter Joseph took over in the 1890s, it moved to 39 North Road and became a carpentry business. Details

Workhouse (parish): was at the junction of North Street with the modern Burghley Street and was known as the Town Houses. Endowed 1654 and 1660. It was rendered redundant by the union workhouse.

Workhouse (union): was established in 1836, as a result of the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834, on the outer works of the castle, at the S end of the modern St. Peter’s Road (TF093199). Its building was later used as St. Peter’s Hospital.

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A small sample of places mentioned in the Bourne Archive is linked from the list below.

Places

A ^

The Angel Hotel                                            1947

Aveland                                                         1882

Hundred of Aveland                          1809

B ^

Bedehouse Bank                                           1947

Bourne                                                          1720

Bourne                                                          1730

Bourne                                                          1797

Bourne                                                          1799

Bourne                                                          1830

Bourne Castle                                                1809

Bourne Castle                                                1925

Bourne Cemetery                                          1882

Bourne Park                                      1882

Bourne Fens                                      1799

Bourne manor                                                1925

Bourne, Market Place                                    1947

Bourne, Willoughby Rd                                  1947

Broadwater                                                   1720

 C ^

Carr Dyke                                                     1947

Carr Dyke                                                     1925

Cawthorpe                                                    1720

Cawthorpe                                                    1825

D ^

Dyke                                                 1720

Dyke                                                 1730

Dyke                                                 1825

Dyke                                                 1882

Dyke Meadow                                              1720

E ^

Eagate                                                           1799

Eagate                                                           1830

Eastgate                                                        1799

Eastgate                                                        1830

Eastgate                                                        1882

Eastgate                                                        1947

The Eastgate                                      1797

F ^

G ^

The Green                                                     1730

 H ^

Hangate Way                                                1720

Hazeland Field                                               1720

The Heg                                                        1825

Hoecroft End                                     1720

The Hurn                                                       1720

The Hurn More                                             1720

I ^

J ^

K ^

L ^

Little Becs                                                     1720

M ^

The Moor                                                      1720

The Moor Field                                             1720

Morton Mear                                                1720

Morton Road                                                1720

N ^

Nutto Field                                                    1720

O ^

P ^

Park Farm                                                     1882

Q ^

R ^

Rosecraft                                                       1720

S ^

St. Peter’s Pool                                             1925

South Street                                                  1925

Sparrowsike                                                  1720

T ^

Temperance Café                                          1882

U V ^

W ^

The West Field                                              1720

West Street                                                   1925

Y ^

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See also:-

The parishes in Bourne Poor Law Union     

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Archive Contents