BoAr: Bourne People: Clay Family   © 2006 R.J.PENHEY

http://boar.org.uk/abiwxe1ClayFamily(home   Latest edit 19 Aug 2008


The Bourne Archive.


Bourne People: The Clay Family Papers.


This group of web pages consists of transcriptions of documents relating to the affairs of members of the Clay family of Bourne, Lincolnshire, between 1726 and 1743.

The family was prominent in Bourne as businessmen and landowners, during the eighteenth century. Its members were related by marriage to the Buckworth family of Spalding. There is a small collection of papers which gives a glimpse of their activities, principally where they come under the general heading of business. This includes small-scale banking, an inventory for probate, dealing with a slander and so on.

J.D.Birkbeck [p.57] reports that Elizabeth Clay was the daughter of Matthew Clay, gentleman, who was a considerable property owner in Bourne and whose heiress Elizabeth became on his death in 1754. She was already married to Theophilus Buckworth. His holdings, which will have included those of his wife, were listed in 1770 when the allotments relating to the Enclosure Act of 1766 were awarded. This included over 315 acres of land on the east side of Bourne. It was in Gobbold’s Park (which extended from grid reference TF109205 to TF123221), Bourne Meadows (TF106204 to TF114221), East Field (TF096202 to TF108216) and North Fen (TF116201 to TF169235). These fields but not Buckworth’s land specifically, are named and delineated in the Exeter Estate Book. He also owned 17 houses and tofts with common rights. Matthew had owned the Candlehouse in Bourne Market Place so it seems appropriate that he should have given the large brass candelabra which hangs in the nave of the Abbey.

In the Marquis of Exeter’s estate book (1826), neither the Clay nor the Buckworth name figures among the owners in these Bourne lands.


Links to transcriptions of the Clay Papers.

A. = Ann. M. = Matthew: W. = William Clay. - E. = Everard: My = Mary Buckworth. - (S) = summary: (T) = transcription

Banking:           M.Clay Alling Hankin bond (S)  M.Clay Gibbs quit claim (S)  W.Clay Lucas bond (S)  W.Clay Sewell bond (S)  E.My.Buckworth Wallis bond (S)

Tanning:           M.Clay Brightman bond (S) 

Miscellaneous: M.Clay Wyche invoice (T)  A.M.Chandelier (T)  M.Colic water (T)

 


The Buckworth and Clay family names in Bourne.

Table 1. The following table is extracted from a database of 15,000 entries which relate to Bourne but which are very unevenly distributed in time and place within the parish. It lists the occurrences of the names Clay and Buckworth.

Year

Person

Place

Details

Cem Ref

Document

1729

Clay, Ann.

 

Executrix of James Organ[...]'s will.

 

6102

1741

Clay, Mr. Math.

Bourne.

Payer of bill.

 

1107

1741

Clay, Mrs. Ann.

Bourne.

Consumer.

 

1107

1742

Clay, Matthew.

Bourne.

Gave the bran[..] to this church. [probably the chandelier]

 

6102

1817

Buckworth, William.

Bourne Parish.

Land proprietor. let £20.

 

0101

1841

Clay, Catherine. nee?

Eastgate?

Born.

2.3859

0104

1844

Clay, James.

Eastgate?

Born.

3.0244

0104

1863

Clay, Mark.

Eastgate?

Born.

1.3074

0104

1873

Clay, Mark.

Eastgate?

Born.

3.0315

0104

1880

Clay, Charles William.

Eastgate?

Born.

3.1169

0104

1889

Clay, Mark.

Eastgate.

Labourer. d18Mar. age36.

3.0315

0104

1900

Clay, James.

Eastgate.

Machine man. living.

2.3859

0104

1900

Clay, Catherine.

Eastgate.

Wife of James, machine man. d28Nov. age59.

2.3859

0104

1929

Clay, James.

Eastgate.

Labourer. d3Oct. age85.

3.0244

0104

1931

Clay, Mark.

Eastgate.

Labourer. d26Feb. age58.

1.3074

0104

1944

Clay, Sarah Anne.

Eastgate.

. d12May.

3.1149

0104

1944

Clay, Charles William.

Eastgate.

Wool caser. d3Nov. age64.

3.1169

0104

 

Table 2. Document key: document numbers are those of the above table. The date is that of the document. Entries are the number of items in the database which are taken from the respective document. Document 6102 appears on this site as [Ball’sCharities]. Document 1107 appears on this site as [ClayWyche]. pc = photocopy.

Document

Document Description

Date

Source

Entries

0101

Bourne: Land Tax Assessment: 1817

1817

R.Penhey

213

0104

Bourne Cemetery records relating to Eastgate. Extracted by G.H.

1856-1865

Geoffrey Harmston

2393

1107

Bill from Wyche to Clay .

1741

R.Penhey

6

6102

Summary of Bourne Charities.

1869

P.Edmunds. pc:R.Penhey

19

 

 


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