Latest edit 30 Nov
version ©2008 R.J.PENHEY
The Bourne Archive
Bourne and Essendine Railway Timetable: 1860.
service on the Bourne and Essendine branch was opened on the 16th MAY, 1860 and operated by the
Great Northern Railway.
the paper 253 x 114 mm.
By leaving Bourne at 12.35, it was
possible to reach King’s Cross, London
in 3 hours 25 minutes; or York in 5 hours and 10 minutes.
The Bourne and Essendine Railway
Company was incorporated in 1857, with shares offered for sale
late in 1856. However, talk of railway building was already in the air of
Bourne in 1854. In that year land
was offered for sale with the inducement of its being on the line of an
anticipated railway. As historical context, the Crimean War ended in
1856. At the time of the railway’s opening, an attempt was being made to
capitalize on the new railway connection by redeveloping Bourne market.
In 1835, there had been two London coaches per day on
the turnpike road, the Royal Mail at 19:45 and the Express (not Sunday) at
24:00 (Pigot). In 1841, the Royal Mail
continued (at 20:00) but the second coach was the Railway Tally-Ho. It left at
11:00 (except Sunday), not itself going to London but “to meet the trains at Blisworth station” (Pigot),
which had opened on the
Euston to Birmingham Railway, in 1838. In 1857, there was a daily omnibus service (not
Sunday), leaving Bourne at 08:00 and connecting with the railway at Tallington (Birkbeck p.94), on the main line to King’s Cross.
In December, 1857, the passenger
service on the Edenham branch
railway opened (Pearson & Ruddock
p.65). This went from
about 4.5 km from Bourne Market
Place, to the main line at Little Bytham. Of the
five trains a day, three were timed to connect with London trains. That people in the vicinity of
Bourne used this service seems indicated by the fact that at the time of the
opening of Bourne station, in May 1860, the annual passenger revenue on the
Edenham line fell from £170 in 1859 to £ 114 in 1860, to £93 in 1861. At the
same time, the Edenham line’s revenue from coal fell by more than half. The
mean revenue from coal transport in the three years before 1860 was £4651. In
the three years after 1860, it was £1800 (Pearson
& Ruddock p.69).