Bourne Archive: Bourne: Cox T
http://boar.org.uk/ariwxo1CoxT.htm Latest edit 7 Mar 2011
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The Bourne Archive
Thomas Cox’s Description of Bourne from a Topographical, Ecclesiastical, and Natural History of Lincolnshire (c.1716)
TOPOGRAPHICAL, ECCLESIASTICAL, AND NATURAL HISTORY
PEDIGREES of all noble Families and Gentry, both Ancient
and Modern, Biographical Notices of eminent and learned Men
to whom this County has given Birth; also an Alphabetical
Table of the Towns, Villages, and Hamlets, with several
Hundreds and Deaneries in which they stand, together with
the value of the Churches in the King’s Books, collected and
composed according to the best relations extant.
Sold by M. Nutt, in Exeter-Exchange.
This is transcribed from a copy of the book in the Willoughby Memorial Library, to the trustees of which, I offer my thanks.
This is clearly part of a larger work since the title page leaves a space for filling in the name of the county and the text begins on page 1404. Bourne’s entry is on page 1417. It reads as follows:—
Bourn, another Market-Town 1;
the Market is on Saturday weekly, and
the Fairs on St. Matthias’s –Day, Febr. 24 and St. Mark’s Day, April 25th. This Town
is remarkable for the Inauguration of Edmund, king of
as Mr. Cambden
reports from Leland; but
the Author of the Additions tell us, That both are mistaken, and that he was
crowned at Buers
Baldwin Lord Wake, 8 Ed. I. 6
was Lord of this Manor, and obtained of that Prince a License for a Market to
be kept weekly on Saturday in this
Town, and a Fair every Year upon the Eve Day and Morrow after the Feast of the Holy Trinity, and five Days following,
which Grant seems to have been only for Baldwin’s
Life; because we find Thomas
his Grandson to have obtained a Grant for the same Fair, 2 Ed II 7. The Heirs Male of this Family failed in
this Thomas; and Margaret,
Countess of Kent, his Sister, and
Widow of Edmund
of Woodstock Earl of
It is situated on a Plain adjoining to the Fens, in a soft Air, (as Mr. Lacy describes it) the Market is but small, but the Town is noted for the Tanners Trade 8. It hath a small but pleasant river belonging to it, which leadeth down to Spalding. We find nothing memorable of the Villages adjoining to this Town save of:—
Grimsthorp, where Charles Brandon, Duke of
1.^ The modern spelling of Bourne with its final ‘e’ did not become standardized until the 1890s. Here, the nouns are consistently given an initial capital in the modern German manner and proper nouns are all in Italic. See also, note 9.
text is available on the Vision of Britain site. Scroll down to
4.^ This is in a sense true but archaeological evidence says that the work done under the Wakes was a re-build, in the late 13th century, rather than the original work. Other archaeological evidence, including the hydraulic arrangements of the completely artificial course of the river, indicate that it was done at the same time as the abbey was built, during the wars of Stephen’s reign, under Baldwin fitz Gilbert de Clare, around 1140.
5.^ He probably passed through in 1547.
6.^ The 8th.
Year of the reign of Edward I — 1280. Archaeological
evidence indicates that there was a major rebuild around the keep of he castle,
moving part of the curtain wall outwards and revetting
the motte in a cylindrical retaining wall.
8.^ Tanning persisted in Bourne, well into the 19th century. In the 1980s, when a gas pipe was laid in St. Peter’s Road, a large amount of leather off-cuts was found in the sediment of the long-filled entrenchment which linked the outer bailey moat with the moat around the pomery (pomœrium), the outermost moat of the castle (RJP1). For the techniques of leather-making, see Muspratt’s account.
9.^ This is a puzzle.
At the foot of the title page in a position normally occupied by the date of
publication there is the number 1700 but here we have a reference to the Duke
of Ancaster. The title did not exist until 1715 (Wikipedia:
The Peerage.com: Cracroft Peerage) . It looks as though the whole or a large part of the country
was covered by the publication and the material relevant to the separate
counties was bound up for sale according to demand. The title page appears to
have been printed at the outset and the
Hanover had become king of