Bourne Archive: Civil War: Edward Lake
http:// boar.org.uk/ariwxo3BloisTurnerS1.htm Latest edit 7 Aug 2009.
web page ©2008
R.J.PENHEY From a copy in the
Library, with thanks to the trustees.
The Bourne Archive
Memorials of Sir Edward Lake,
a paper read to the
Archaeological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland,
at Lincoln, by
Samuel Blois Turner, 1848.
Sir Edward Lake
was the eldest son of Richard Lake, Esq.,
in the county of Lincoln, by Anne, youngest daughter and
heiress of Edward Wardell, Esq., of Realby2, in the same county. From an early period the
family were seated at Normanton3, in the county of York,
and resided on the estates which passed into the Lake family by the marriage of
John Lake to Jeannett,
daughter and heiress of William Cayley, Esq. 4, of Normanton.
Sir Edward Lake embraced the profession of the law, and became Chancellor
of the Diocese of Lincoln.
From a love of his sovereign, and full conviction of the justness of his cause,
Dr. Lake laying aside the gown, took up the sword, and followed his royal
master to the battle of Edge-hill. In this
engagement he received sixteen wounds; and having lost the use of his left hand
by a shot, he placed his horse’s bridle
between his teeth5, and held out the combat, fighting with
his sword in his right hand, till the armies parted by the coming of the night.
The friendly and affectionate part taken by the amiable and unfortunate monarch,
in the concerns of this loyal subject, is set forth in an original MS. in Sir
Edward Lake’s own handwriting, of which the following is a copy:-
“After I had made my
escape from my imprisonment at Mr. Bents at Corsby6,
where I was kept seven weeks after the battle at Edge-hill, I went to Bangor in Caernarvonshire, in
Christmas, 16427; there I writ to Dr.
Steward*1, the Clerk of the Closet8, at Oxford9,
certifying in what condition I was, and of he hurts I received at Edge-hill,
and he sent me back an answer, desiring me to send up the certificate thereof,
under the surgeon’s hand, which afterwards I did, under the hands of Mr. John
Angel, the physician, and Mr. Edward Loffman, the
surgeon, both of Leicester, who were employed upon my cure. The next year,
about a fortnight after Michaelmas, I went out of Wales towards Oxford, where I came about the 20th
of October, 1643: Dr. Steward wished me not to come into the King’s presence
till the 23rd day of that month, the anniversary day of Edge-hill,
which he, the said King, intended to keep solemnly, with public thanksgiving
for the victory on that day; and upon that day, a little before dinner, in the
presence-chamber at Christ Church10, I kissed his
Majesty’s hand11, Dr. Steward being with
me, who said to his Majesty, as I was going to kiss his hand, - ‘Sir, this day
twelve-months, the Doctor was in another case,’ (Dr. Steward having formerly,
as he told me, showed his Majesty that certificate of my hurts, received at the
battle of Edge-hill). His Majesty, looking upon me, said, ‘It is true you lost
a great deal of blood for me that day, and I shall not forget it, but you shall
be remembered for it both by way of armory12
and otherwise.’ Then looking upon Dr.
Steward and others, standing by , said, ‘ For a lawyer, a professed lawyer , to
throw off his gown, and fight so heartily for me, I must needs think very well
of it.’ I humbly thanked his Majesty for his gracious acceptance of my poor
endeavours to serve him, and praised God for preserving me for further service
to his Majesty, to the best of my power, and according to my bounden duties.
‘And, Doctor, (said the King, bending his head a little towards me) I have
reason to believe it;’ and so went into the privy-chamber. “Above two months
after, his Majesty sent me to Worcester, then garrisoned by Sir Gilbert Gerard,
the King’s governor there, to whom his Majesty writ: which letter signified to
him the loss of my estate in England and Ireland, by the rebellion, and sixteen
wounds which I received at the battle of Edge-hill. With this letter, about the
beginning of Christmas13, I went down to
Worcester, and taking my leave of Dr. Steward, he (whether his Majesty had when
he signed that letter or at any other time spoken to him thereof, I know not,
but most probably he had,) asked me, whether I had drawn up that note, touching and addition in armory, which the King said he would give me, when I kissed
hands on the anniversary day of Edge-hill. I told him I had done nothing
therein. He bade me advise14 with some
herald thereupon, and draw up a note, to that purpose, for the King to sign,
and to leave it with him.
“I did thereupon
advise with Sir William Le Neve15, but did not
acquaint him with the King’s word touching armory,
and after I had talked with
him, I drew up such a note for his Majesty’s signature,
mentioning only that coat of augmentation (without any mention of one of the
lions of England,)
and the crest. This note I left with Dr. Steward, and the next summer, his
Majesty coming to Worcester, and Dr. Steward with him, the Doctor gave me this docquet signed by his majesty, and attested by the Doctor,
touching the baronetship16 and arms.*2
Docquet17 copied from Sir Edward Lake’s own handwriting.
Signed, Charles Rex.
Whereas, our Trusty
and well-beloved Edward
Lake, Dr. of Laws, and
Advocate General for our Kingdom of Ireland, in all causes Ecclesiastical,
Civil and Maritime; and by the . . . . . 18
with the Loss of his Estate and Employment, and also in England, more
especially at the Battle of Edge-hill, receiving sixteen Wounds, to the extreme
danger of his life ever since, - being deprived of his estate here, we cannot
but look upon him as a subject well deserving of us; and whom, when God shall enable
us, we intend to repair in his Estate, and otherwise to reward him; and in he
mean time, we do hereby create him an Baronet, and do give him the making of a
Baronet, not doubting that he will recommend and Person for that dignity, but
such a one , who for his Condition and Quality, shall be fit for the same; and
for his further Encouragement, and as a Mark of our Especial Favour towards
him, Whereas in the Battle of Edge-hill, he received sixteen Wounds, and his
left Arm being by a Shot wounded, he was disabled, he held his Bridle in his
Teeth, fighting with his right Hand; Therefore we do hereby give him for a Coat
of Augmentation19, to be borne before his
own, in a Field Gules, a right Arm, arm’d, carrying
upon a Sword a Banner Argent, charged with a Cross, betwixt sixteen Shields,
four in each Quarter . . .
. . of
the First, and in the . .
. . Point, one of our own lions
of England; and for a Crest to the same Coat of Augmentation, a Chevalier in a
fighting Posture, his left Arm hanging down Useless, and holding a Bridle in
his Teeth; his Scarf Red, his Sword and Horse Cruentated20:
To have and to hold the said Dignity of a Baronet to the said Edward Lake, and
his Heirs Male of his Body begotten, or to be begotten, for ever, and for want
of such Heirs Male, then, to the Heirs Male of the same Edward for ever, and to
have and to hold the same Coat of Augmentation with the Crest aforesaid, to him
the said Edward and his Heirs, and all descending from him and them for ever;
all this to be put in form into his Patent.
Given at our Court
at Oxford the . . . Day of December in the Year, 1643.*3
To all the Officers and Ministers,
whomsoever, whom under these Presents shall any ways
“Of the addition of
one of the lions of England in the coat of augmentation, (in which, the eight
points, four in each quarter, are memorial of the sixteen wounds he received;
the lion of England being placed in the centre of the standard, in the
additional crest,) and besides to have the nomination of a baronet, and to be a
baronet myself being altogether beyond my expectation, I asked the Doctor the
reason thereof. He told me, that presently on my going to Worcester from Oxford,
he showed his Majesty that note for the coat of augmentation which I left with
him; his Majesty read it and said, ‘I deserved more, and should have more; I
should have one of his own lions too, and I should have the making of a
baronet, and that I should be a baronet myself;’ and his Majesty himself, with his own hand,
interlined some words touching the bearing of that lion, and for the nomination
of a baronet, and the creation of me to be a baronet, and bad the Doctor bring
it to him, written more at large; whereupon the Doctor, within a day or two
after, brought it written, as it is here, to his Majesty, which he signed, and
said to him, ‘Doctor, you shall be secretary for this business; set your hand
to it, and witness my signature, and tell Dr. Lake, that he may keep this
awhile by him, and not to take out the patent, till I shall better provide for
hi;’ and the same day, at Worcester, as before, when Dr. Steward had told me
this, which was at the Lord Bishop’s Palace at Worcester, I went with him into
the presence, and there kissed his Majesty’s hand, who said to me thus, - ‘ The
Doctor there (looking at Dr. Steward) I suppose has told you my mind.’ I said,
‘Yes, sir,’ and most humbly I thanked his Majesty for his exceeding favours to
me. Then his Majesty being, as it seemed, in haste upon business, went out of
the presence; and as he was going, looked back towards me, and beckoned to me,
and I made my address to him, who said thus to me, ‘Doctor, if you will, you
may keep that awhile by you, (meaning the aforesaid docquet)
and not take out the patent, till I shall better
provide for you, which I hope I shall do ere long,’ and so he went away, and I
kept this by me as thou seest.”21
Sir Edward Lake
married Ann, eldest daughter and co-heiress or Simon Bibye,
Esq., of Buckden, Huntingdonshire, and appears to
have resided at Bishop’s Wooton, in the county of Lincoln. On his dying without issue22, in 1674, the property fell to his
brother, Thomas, from whom it passed to his son Thomas, who was at the bar, and
a member of the Middle
the above mentioned docquet, the brother and nephew
seem to have suffered the matter to lie dormant. But, in 1711, soon after the
death of the last mentioned Thomas
Bibye Lake, by his son (it is presumed) laid the
docquet before the Earl of Oxford, who stated that,
through the great hurry of affairs the grant was lost. However, her Majesty,
Queen Anne, being well satisfied of the services of Sir
Lake a grant by letters
patent, dated 17th October, 1711, though with precedency
only from the date thereof.
Sir Edward Lake was
buried in the Cathedral at Lincoln, and in one of the chapels on the south side
of the choir, known as Bishop Russell’s chantry23,
are still to be seen24 the remains of his
monument, exhibiting his arms as follows:
for a Coat of Augmentation, gules, a dexter arm embowed, in armour, issuing from the sinister side of the
shield, holding in the hand a sword erect, all proper; thereto affixed a banner
argent, charged with a cross between sixteen escutcheons of the first; on the
cross a lion passant, guardant, or.
2nd. Sable, on a bend between
six crosses crosslet, argent, a mullet for difference.
argent and sable, on a bend, gules, three mullets of the first. Cayley.
4th. Argent, a chevron
between three lions’ heads couped, sable. on a chief vert as many bezants. Wardell.
Crests, - 1st, A chevalier
in complete armour, on a horse courant argent, bridle and trappings all proper,
in the dexter hand a sword, embrued
gules, holding the bridle in his mouth, the sinister arm hanging down useless.
Round his body a scarf in bend of the last.
sea-horse’s head argent, pinned or, gorged with three bars gules.
All inquiries have
been in vain in the endeavour to ascertain at what period, or for what cause,
the removal and destruction of the memorial to Sir Edward Lake was permitted. Mr. Wilson, who has
been many years engaged in the careful investigation of all details connected
with the Minster and its monumental antiquities, supposes that this reckless
act of desecration may have taken place about 1727, when the arch near the western
end of the Minster was built, - subsequently removed by Essex25.
He has been inclined to think it probable that the memorial to Sir Edward
Lake occupied a portion
of the nave near the western extremity, and adjoining the Consistory Court, in
which Sir Edward had presided, and wherein a scutcheon
of his arms still remains. He was the Bishop’s Chancellor, an office distinct
from that of the Chancellor of the Cathedral.
To this moment was
formerly attached a Latin inscription, which has not been given by Browne Willis in his Survey of the cathedral, published in
1730, nor is it found in any work relating to that structure and its sepulchral
memorials. It will, therefore, not appear inappropriate to give here a copy of
an inscription of no slight local interest, in connexion with the history of
this loyal gentleman of the county
Dpositum D. Edri
Lake, de Norton Episc. in Agro Lincoln. Barti L.L.D. Dioces.
Reginæ Majestat. p. Rno suo Hiberniæ Advocati General. ex antiqua familia
ejusdem Cognomin. Normantoniæ juxta Pontefract, in Agro Eboracensi,
hic subtus jacet.
Qui Deo, Eccli'æ, Regi et Patriæ
suæ, Pacis et Belli
tempore, fideliter inservijt.
Honor inde adeptum Cristæ & Insignior. Augmentatio honoraria demonstrat. Ad Annum Ætat. sue
. . . p’vectus . .
. Die . . . Anno a Partu Virgineo 16
. . . Animam Deo reddidit. In Uxor. habuit
hic juxta contumulatam
Annam Filiam Natu maximam & Cohæredem Simon. Bibye, Armigeri, Fœminam lectissimam, pijssimam, Fortunæ Conjugalis, Temporibus durissimis Comitem, Participem, patientem, constantem, fidelem maxime.
un Roy, un Cœr.
Patruo suo charissmo
Thomas Lake posuit.
Thomas Lake, nephew and
heir of Sir Edward, who erected this monument to his memory, was a barrister of
the Middle Temple,
and, dying in 1711, was buried in the Temple Church. His
monument, originally near the north corner of the middle east
window, has been removed during recent alterations, and may now be seen in the triforium.
Collins gives the inscription to his memory. It may deserve notice that in the
coat of Augmentation, twice introduced upon this monument, the banner has a
bordure gobonée, sable and argent26,
not mentioned in the description as stated in the docquet.
Blois Turner’s Footnotes:
Steuart was born at Pateshull,
was a fellow of All Souls, Oxford,
1613; Prebendary of Worcester, 1628; Prebendary of Salisbury, 1629; Dean of Chichester, 1634; a
Clerk of the Closet; Prebendary of Westminster, 1638;
Provost of Eton; Dean of St. Paul’s, 1641; Dean of Westminster, 1644. He died
at Paris, Nov.
14, 1651, aged 68, and lies buried at St. Germains. –
Granger, vol. ii.,
interesting document was printed by Collins, in the “English Baronetage” (vol.
iv. p. 134. ed. 1741), but the text there given varies considerably from that
of the Docquet, as above, from sir
Edward’s own writing.
the copy, as given by Collins, the date is thus stated, - The 30th
of December, the 19th year of our reign.
1.^ This would
be hard to trace but for the DNB
(Sir Edward Lake)
which says Irby-le-Marsh.
That village is at TF4763, 10km inland from Skegness. The OS (Landranger
sheet 122) calls it Irby in the Marsh. ‘The Marsh’ is the North Sea coastal region of the Lindsey Parts of
2. The DNB gives Keelby.
the other two places, there is a Normanton in Lincolnshire
but we are told that this one is
4. It seems that he may have been an earlier
member of the family of a pioneer aviator and general inventor, George Cayley,
of a mathematician, Arthur
Cayley and of a linguist, Charles Bagot Cayley.
5.^ The part of the bridle in question will of
course, have been the rein.
6. DNB says Great Crosby, in Lancashire.
7. This was well back within the area of
8. A king’s private apartments. The clerk of
the closet will have been the man who dealt with the King’s private
correspondence and diary.
9. Once the king had been excluded from London, the court was held at Oxford. The outcome of Edge Hill may have
been an opportunity to have taken control in London but if the chance existed, Charles did
not take it.
Cathedral Church of Oxford and Christ
then serving as the site of the King’s court.
11. This was part
of the formalities rather than a special form of intimacy.
12. Coat of arms.
14. Take advice
15.^ In 1634-5, he had
been Norroy King of Arms.
16. A baronetcy.
The rank of Baronet was introduced by Charles’ father, James I of England.
A baronet is an hereditary
knight but is not per se, a member of
an order of knighthood..
17. Usually nowadays,
spelled ‘docket’. The abstract of the contents of a proposed
Letter-patent, written upon the King’s bill which authorized the preparation of
a letter-patent OED (Docket, n.1 3.).
18. The dots
represent what is known as a lacuna,
a place where the words of the document which Blois Turner was transcribing
were no longer legible.
19. Augmentation of
21. This is Lake writing. It is easy to see why he should feel
excited. Apart from a private audience with the king, his efforts have been
recognized, he sees himself going up socially and he has the promise of more,
in the enigmatic ‘better’. However,
these were heady days in which a tendency toward hysteria might be expected.
See the Civil War chronologies, National and Lincolnshire, for
the context. After patience and persistence on Lake’s part, some of the promise
was fulfilled but it landed him in what seems to have been an unfulfilling job
rather than the Mastership of the Rolls in Ireland
22. They had at
least one son, Edward but he was dead by 1666 (DNB).
23. This commemorates
who was bishop of Lincoln
from 1480 to 1494 and is the easternmost chapel on the south side of the Angel
Choir. It is dedicated to St
Blaise and is now decorated by the mural painting
made by Duncan Grant.
24. In 1848.
(1722–1784) was working in the Cathedral in the latter half of the eighteenth
century. The 1890s guide
book mentions him but gives only a little more information. These are links
to bookmarks on his name there. Essex 1: Essex 2. More detail
is available from DNB:
James Essex. His writings are discussed on Yvonne Jerrold’s
26. Composed of
Metal and Colour alternately. Metal is white (representing silver, argent) or yellow (representing gold, or) and colour is another plain colour (OED gobony,
a. quot. 1882). Sable is black.