Latest edit 2 Sep 2007.   

Interactive version ©2006 R.J.PENHEY

The Bourne Archive


Fenland Notes and Queries. Edited by Rev. W.D. Sweeting, Rector of Maxey.

Part 66. July  1905.

This quarterly periodical took the form of a forum in which people sent in questions about the history, ecology and so on of the Fens and the region’s environs and others replied with some sort of answer. Some ‘answers’ seem to have been spontaneous, so qualifying as ‘notes’.

Seventeenth Century Civil War

1125 – Crowland Retaken, – In the third book of Vicars’ Parliamentary Chronicle, which is distinguished by the heading “GODS ARKE Overtopping the Worlds Waves,” is this account of the surrender of Crowland to parliamentary forces in 1644.

Much also about this aforesaid time [April] came certain information out of the Eastern-parts of the Kingdome, that the affairs of those parts, and especially about Lincolnshire, went on very prosperously, by God’s blessing on the forces of that most noble and pious Patriot and successful Commander in chiefe, the right honourable Earle of Manchester who had (under the command of valiant Colonell King) regained and repossessed themselves of those Townes which the enemy had lately before taken, and particularly Crowland alias Croyland, a most Malignant Town, but a place of very great consequence, which was surrendered to the said valiant Colonell King. The articles agreed on, between the said Colonell and Captaine Styles (a pestilent Malignant, and of the right Canterbury-cut, Commander of the forces in the Towne) were; That the souldiers in the Town should have quarter for their lives; should march out with their swords, but leave all the armes and horses in the Towne unto the Colonell, which were accordingly performed, and no violence offered them by any of our forces; notwithstanding their most perfidious dealing with ours, so lately at Newark. There were taken in the Towne, 80 horses and 300 armes.

[At Newark in 1643, Colonel Edward King, of Ashby-de-la-Launde, had Major John Lilburne as his junior in his company of foot. Lilburne’s company was routed, King was blamed and Lilburne promoted.  From here on, King seems to have antagonized parliamentarians or they him and he became embroiled in politics. See Holmes pp. 183-186 & 188-193.]