Latest edit 2 Sep 2007.
version ©2006 R.J.PENHEY
The Bourne Archive
Fenland Notes and Queries. Edited by Rev. W.D. Sweeting, Rector of Maxey.
Part 15. October 1892.
This quarterly periodical took the form of a forum in
which people sent in questions about the history, ecology and so on of the Fens and the region’s environs and others replied with
some sort of answer. Some ‘answers’ seem to have been spontaneous, so
qualifying as ‘notes’.
Century Civil War
– The Seven Associated Counties. – In 1642 the Eastern Counties formed an
association against the King, under the command of Lord Grey of Warke. These
were Essex, Suffolk, Norfolk,
Hertford, Cambridge, Huntingdon, and Lincoln. The Earl of
Manchester afterwards commanded their levies, having under him Oliver Cromwell.
Their proceedings were regulated by an Ordinance of 16 Jan., 1643. In the
following year, 14 May, 1644, another Ordinance was passed, to raise funds from
the several Counties to maintain these forces. In the title they are called
“The Seven Associated Counties.” The preamble reads like a solemn mockery. “Whereas
the counties of Norfolk, Suffolk, Lincoln, and the other counties with them
associated, out of their loyall respect to His Majesty, their pious disposition
to the Peace and Happiness of this Kingdom, in obedience to the Orders of
Parliament, Have raised and maintained to the number of fourteen thousand
horse, foot and dragoons, or thereabouts, and with them within Five moneths
last past have done many services against the common Enemy, tending much to the
safety of the Kingdom, And intend to raise a far more considerable force both
of horse and Foot; And have also bought many Arms and Ammunition, and must buy
more, whereby to furnish themselves with a Train of Artillery, And have been,
and must be at great charges in maintaining and recruiting the said Forces, and
in keeping severall Garrisons, making and erecting the Fortifications,
Magazines, Courts of Guard, and other things requisite and necessary for the
Defence and safety of the said Association, against the incursions of the
Enemy: By all which means the said Asociation is become much indebted, and
without speedy raising of large and considerable sums of money, proportionable
to their vast expences, cannot long subsist in a condition to keep themselves
from ruine, and to advance the Publique safety, &c.” It was accordingly
ordered that weekly sums of money should be “Charged, Rated, Taxed, and
Leavyed” on the several Counties, and that these sums shall continue to be paid
weekly for four months, beginning on the first of May. The weekly amounts of
and city of Norwich: £1875.
Cambridge: £562 5s.
Lincoln, and city of Lincoln: £1218 15s.
Isle of Ely: £221
All the money so collected was to be paid to the Earl
of Manchester, or his agents and to be issued out
according to his directions.
article is useful in giving an idea of the administrative system supporting the
armies. These sums were of course, not sufficient alone. Sequestrations from
Royalists and free billeting were other examples of burdens placed on the
population by the one side.]