Bourne Archive: FNQ: 17th Century
http://boar.org.uk/ariwxo3FNQ62.htm Latest edit 25 Jan 2010.
Interactive version ©2006 R.J.PENHEY
The Bourne Archive
Fenland Notes and Queries. This will have been originally in the quarterly Part 3, October 1889. Edited by W.H. Bernard Saunders, F.R. Hist. Soc.
Articles 1 to 237 (April 1889 to October 1891) were
re-published as Volume 1, in 1891, by Geo. C. Caster,
This quarterly periodical which, from the second volume (part 12) became associated with the name of W.D. Sweeting, took the form of a forum in which people sent in questions about the history, ecology and so on of the Fens and the region’s environs and others replied with some sort of answer. Some ‘answers’ seem to have been spontaneous, so qualifying as ‘notes’.
My thanks to the trustees of the Willoughby Memorial Library for the loan of the copy from which the following was transcribed.
Seventeenth Century and Civil War.
French Protestant Refugees in the
“Collected upon ye brief for Michael Kys and Peter Kys, Hungarians, ye sum of 5/-.” July 16, 1667.
“Collected upon ye brief for the French Protestants: paid to Mr. Salmon 12/-.” 1689.
“Collected upon ye brief for the poor exiled Vaudois and French Protestants, £1 18 11.”
Holywell had developed near a clean water supply on an island of higher ground, by the River Great Ouse. As the river became less important economically than the nearby road, the bulk of the parish’s settlement migrated to Needingworth, on the A1123 road (TL3472). Holywell church is at TL336708.
This little FNQ article is included here as a reminder that the
seventeenth century events in
Norris assumes that they settled in the village but on the evidence he presents, that can not safely be claimed. The idea of a brief is fairly frequently mentioned by historians. It is a written document and that is what historians concern themselves with. In this instance it is a letter patent from the king in his capacity as head of the Church of England, authorizing church congregations throughout the kingdom, to make a collection on behalf of someone or more often, some people judged to be in need of and worthy of financial help. It was also known as a church brief or a king’s letter (OED). The money was collected at Holywell but the Hungarians and Huguenots may have been far away.
1667 fell during a period when most of Hungary was on the Turkish side of the front line between the German and the Turkish empires. Suleiman I took Buda in 1526 and it was still in Turkish hands until 1687, after the Siege of Vienna in 1683 (Stewart).
In 1685, with Cardinal Richelieu’s advice,
Louis XIV had revoked
the Edict of Nantes
which led to a mass migration of Huguenots
(Palmer). Vaud is a French-speaking part of Switzerland, a canton since
1803 (PLI 2007). Its main town is Lausanne, where Pierre Viret,
a co-worker of John Calvin
had based himself. Viret made tours in
Partly as a result of their having seen the effects of clashes such as
this, French parliamentarians passed the Law
of 1905 which separated civil authority in