Bourne Archive: FNQ: Hereward Contents
http://boar.org.uk/ariwxo3FNQsup(Contents.htm Latest edit 12 Mar 2011.
Web page © 2007 R.J.PENHEY With thanks to the trustees of the Willoughby Memorial Library & to Lincolnshire Library Service
The Bourne Archive
De Gestis Herwardi Saxonis.
This is a series of episodes illustrating the behaviour and bearing of Hereward, the renowned soldier: as transcribed by S.H. Miller and presented by W.D. Sweeting as a supplement of the quarterly journal, Fenland Notes and Queries. It is presented here by chapter, each in three parts: Miller’s Latin transcription, Sweeting’s English translation and my commentary. The Latin version is presented entire and without comment. Sweeting’s English version is similarly presented but with his footnotes. Latin and English are each on its respective web page. Charles Kingsley’s rewriting of the story is on the Gutenberg site. Lieutenant-General Harward’s book on Hereward, his ancestry and descendants is on the
site. This has clearly been scanned by text-reading software which was not fully up to the task without subsequent proof-reading. Cornell University
Title Page and introductions
I Here begins the preface of a certain work concerning the exploits of Hereward the renowned knight.
II Of what parents Hereward was born, and how from his boyhood he increased in the splendour of his deeds, and why he was driven forth by his father and country; whence he was surnamed “The Outlaw”.
III How Hereward slew a great bear, from which he earned a position amongst the Knights where he was staying.
IV How he overcame a certain tyrant, and took his famous sword.
V Of the war which
took place in
VI How Hereward in disguise was sent by his lord to a wedding, where he achieved a praiseworthy action, in killing the bridegroom, and carrying off the bride and conveying her to his lord.
VII How he endured shipwreck on his return from
VIII Of his first fighting in Flanders, from which, and from his daily deeds of valour, he was at length discovered, when much enquiry was made as to who such a man could be, or whence he could come.
IX How Hereward overcame a famous soldier, and led him safe and sound to his companions.
X How Hereward is beloved by a certain girl, for whose sake he went forth to combat, and there with his men proved victorious.
XI Wherefore Hereward with a certain leader was sent into Scaldemariland with an army, and how he overcame the army in front.
XII Of the second war at Scaldemariland, and how the nation advanced to the fight, and with what arms : and how Hereward arranged his army against them.
XIII Where Hereward got a mare of very great speed, and a colt of conspicuous beauty, and what he underwent on the road.
XIV How he returned to his country and to his father’s house, where he found that his brother had been slain the day before, and of the grand vengeance he took the same night.
XV For what reason some fled from him in alarm ; and whence he chose for himself men of war.
XVI For what reason he wished to be made knight in the English manner, and where he was made knight.
XVII How he was sought out by a certain man who desired to kill him, and how Hereward slew him.
XVIII Why Hereward departed again into
XIX How on his return to
XX How the men in the
XXI How the King attempted to take the Isle, where he nearly lost his entire army ; while no man, except one brave knight, entered it.
XXII Of a soldier who went into the Isle, and resolved to be the first to give information to the King about the Isle and its inhabitants.
XXIII What they did when they were disheartened about the Isle, and how the King was disposed to make peace with them, unless some of his own men had dissuaded him.
XXIV How Hereward dressed as a potter and went to the king’s court to discover what they intended and how he cheated them and killed some in the king’s court and returned unharmed.
XXV How Hereward disguised himself as a fisherman and cheated the king a second time, how the king attacked the isle and about the islanders’ means of defence.
XXVI How and wherefore the men of Ely made an agreement with the king; upon which Hereward wanted to burn the church and town.
XXVII How Hereward was reduced to such straits that he slew with his own hands his excellent horse : and how next he overcame the army of five provinces.
XXVIII How Hereward took vengeance on the Abbot of Burgh.
XXIX Of a vision and a marvellous occurrence seen by Hereward.
XXX No title. (The feast, the fugitive and the privy.)
XXXI How Hereward’s wife assumed the habit of a nun at Crowland.
XXXII How Hereward overcame a certain very eminent knight in single combat.
XXXIII How Hereward went to the King’s court with his soldiers.
XXXIV How he fought with a soldier of the King’s court, and overcame him.
XXXV How Hereward was accused by Robert de Horepol and put into prison.
XXXVI How Robert of Horepol made a good report of Hereward to the King.
Sweeting’s English Translation
Understanding Chapter I (the writing of The Gesta Herwardi)
Understanding Chapter VI
(the wedding in