http://boar.org.uk/ariwxo3Langton.htm Latest edit 18 Jun 2008
Interactive version and observations ©2006 R.J.PENHEY
The Bourne Archive
of Langton, Sausthorpe and Welton, 1620.
1st. May. James 18th year of England
and 53rd of Scotland
part: William Langton Esq. of Langton, Lincs1.
part: Richard Johnson gent. of Grimsthorpe, Lincs2.
part William Lockton of Swineshead Esq.
of property: Three manors -
by Partney, Lincs1
property of these manors was in Skendleby Thorpe (TF4270), Skendleby (TF4369),
Hogsthorpe (TF5372), Sloothby (TF4970), Willoughby (TF4772) and Hagworthingham
from Langton to Johnson with provision for their further transfer to Lockton
should Johnson default. In other words, Langton was selling, Johnson was buying
and Lockton was lending Johnson some of the money being paid.
Indenture trip[ar]tite made the first day of May in the year of
the Reign of our Sovereign Lord James by the grace
of God king of England, France and Ireland,
Defender of the Faith etcr the Eighteenth and of Scotland the three and
Fiftieth. Between William Langton of
Langton in the County of Lincoln esquire of the first p[ar]te
and Richard Johnson of Grimsthorpe in the
sayd county of Lincoln, gentleman, of the second part and William Lockton of
Swynshead in the sayd county esquire of the third p[ar]te
Witnesseth that yt ys covenanted concluded and agreed by and between all the
sayd p[ar]ties to
these presents and the sayd William Langton for divers good causes and
consideratons him movinge both by these presents for him his heirs and Assigns
covenant and grant to and with the sayd Richard Johnson and his heirs and
Assigns that hee the sayd William Langton and his heires shall and will before
the Feast day of Saint James the Apostle now next coming after the date hereof7 knowledge and levie in due forme of lawe unto the
sayd Richard Johnson and his heirs one or more Fine or Fines sur conuzant de droit come ceo que il ad de
son done8 to be pursued with proclamations according to the statute in that
case made and provided or otherwise of all and singular the Mannors messuages
Fermes lands Tenements and hereditaments hereafter in theis presents memorial
(that is to say) Of all those the lordshipps and manors of Langton iuxta
partney Saustropp alt Saucethorp and Welton or commonly called or known by the
severall name or names of Langton iuxta partney Saustropp alt Saucethorpe4 and Welton5
or by any of those name or names lying and being in the said county of Lincoln
with all their and every of their Rights members Jurisdictions liberties
Franchises and appurtanences whatsoever And of all the Mannors messuages lands
Tenements and hereditaments of the sayd William Langton called or knowne by all
or any of the severall name or names of Langton
iuxta partney Saustropp alt Saucethorp9
and Welton10 or by any of those names situate lyinge
and being in the sayd county of Lincoln And also of all and singular other the
messuages Mylls Tofts cottages lands Tenements Meadowes pastures woods
underwoods coppice waste commons waters Fyshinge Rente Reversions services
Advowsons and other hereditaments whatsoever of the sayd William Langton or
Reputed or taken to be the lands Tenements or hereditaments of the sayd William Langton situat lyinge or beinge in
the Towns parishes Villag[e]s hamletts liberties Fields or
precincts of Skendlebythorp Skendleby Hoggestropp Slouthby Willoughby and
Hagworthingham and in every or any of these places in the sayd county of
Lincoln and that the sayd Fine and Fines of all the sayd Mannors Messuages
lands Tenements hereditament and premises shallbe had knowledged and levyed of
the sayd premisses by such name and names and by such reasonable number
contents and quantities of messuages acres and otherwyse and in such other
sorte and by the said p[ar]ties to theis presents or their
or any of their counsell learned in the law shall bee reasonably devysed and
advysed And ytt ys further covenanted concluded and agreed by and betweene all
the said p[ar]ties to theis presents and the sayd p[ar]ties
and every of them for them and either of them their and either of their heirs
and Assigns doe by theis presents covenant graunt and agree to and with the
other of them and his and their heirs that the sayd Fine and Fines soe or in
any other sort howsoever to be knowledged had and levyed shallbe and bee deemed
and taken to bee and the sayd Richard Johnson and his heirs and assigns shall
by force and virtue thereof from thenceforth stand and be seized of all the
said premisses intended to be comprised in the said Fine and Fines to and for
the only use and behoofe of the sayd Richard Johnson and of his heirs and
assigns to and for this only intent trust confidence and purpose that the sayd
Richard Johnson and his heirs shall and may thereby become and bee the very
true and only Tenant of the Freeholds of all and every the sayd Mannors
messuages lands Tenements hereditaments and premisses and of every parte
thereof whereby and to the end intent and purpose that a good and p[er]fect
comon Recovery of all the said manors messuages lands Tenements and premisses
shall and may be pursued and had by the sayd William Lockton against the sayd
Richard Johnson in a writt of entre sur
dissesin in le post accordinge to the manner forme and comon usage of comon
Recoveries for the assuerance of lands and Tenements wherunto the sayd Richard
Johnson shall appeere in p[er]son and vouche the said William
Langton to warrant the sayd premisses
and the sayd William Langton shall theruppon appeere gratis and further
doe and demean himself for the sufferinge of the sayd Recovery as by the
councell learned in the law of the sayd p[ar]ties to
theis presents shallebe devised and advised And ytt ys lastly agreed covenanted
and concluded by and between all the sayd p[ar]ties to
theis pesents that is the true intent and meaninge hereof and the sayd p[ar]ties
and all and every of them doe hereby covennant graunt and agree for them and
their heirs that the said Recovery soe to be had and suffered or in any other manner
or sort howsoever the same shallbe had or suffered shallbe and be deemed
construed and taken to be and the said William Lockton and his heirs and
Assigns shall by force and virtue thereof from thenceforth stand and be seized
of all the said mannors messuages lands Tenements hereditaments and premisses
with the appurtenancs thereof to and for the only use and behoofe of the said
William Langton and of his heirs and Assigns for ever and to and for noe other
use intent or purpose any averment covenant clause matter or thinge to the
contrary thereof in any wyse not withstandinge
In witnes whereof all the said p[ar]ties to
theis presents have to every p[ar]te thereof sett their seales
given the day and year first above written.
Langton: Richard Johnson: W: Lockton
and delivered by all the p[ar]ties to this Indenture in the P[rese]nce of
F.Howard: Thomas ?Lomas: Edw. Reason.
Families rose to prominence then their
prosperity faded and another took over parts of their land. More and more, this came as a result of trade
but service to the king was still an important route to fortune. The court route was that taken by the Willoughby family which
gained preferment and the Grimsthorpe Estate from Henry VIII. In 1620, little will have happened in
Grimsthorpe without being sanctioned by the family so Richard Johnson will have
been closely associated with the Willoughbys (and not as a stable boy in view
of the fact that he was buying three manors in one deal). This Willoughby
connection fits the interest in Langton, Sausthorpe and Welton (le Marsh) as
these are all in the vicinity of Spilsby and Eresby from which the family moved
after gaining access to Grimsthorpe in the late 1530s. In the Swineshead enclosure award of 1774,
another name connected with the Willoughbys, Sir Gilbert Heathcote appears
prominently11. There are still noteworthy Willoughby tombs in Spilsby church. Both the Willoughbys and William Lockton were
associated with the Royalist cause in the 1640s and, since their land was in
the area latterly added to the Eastern Association, they had to keep their
heads down as far as possible but nonetheless had their troubles during the
If William Langton was selling three manors, his
family had been wealthy and he was very likely in financial trouble. The fact that his name is that of one of the
places for sale, implies that the family had been there for some time. The name was about in 1496 when a William
Langton was among the signatories of a statute concerning the theft of swans’
The Ordnance Survey and Platts13
call the parish Langton by Spilsby but it is nearer to Partney than Spilsby and it is
reasonable to assume that this is the place referred to in the document.
In 1086, Langton had been part of a collection
of manors managed from Greetham14. It belonged to Earl Hugh but had been part of
Earl Harold’s property. He of course,
had forfeited it as a result of trying to keep William out and losing, not least,
by dieing. The villages with which
Langton was grouped15 were particularly
well supplied with mills, a valuable source of revenue. The document refers to mills. Although this may be a lawyer’s catch-all,
the mention may well have had substance.
gives a useful picture of the milieu in which the transaction of the document
was conducted16 and Southworth has the story
more specifically, of the Lockton family17.
John appears to have brought the name to Swineshead. He died in 1585. The tomb
Sir John Lockton (1554-1610), his son is in Swineshead church. William (c.1584-1657) was Sir John’s eldest
son. He inherited Swineshead Abbey from
his father so will have been living there at the time of the document also when
he signed an order regulating the treatment of plague sufferers in Holland, Lincs in 1636.18
Furthermore, he married Elizabeth Langton in December 1606. However, by 1620 she had died as his first
child by his second wife was baptised in May 161419. Elizabeth
appears to give a connection between William Langton and William Lockton,
parties one and three (the vendor and the banker respectively) of the document.
In 1641, William Lockton, Sir John’s eldest son, was lord of the Manor of the
Moor at Swineshead.
photograph of the Langton-Welton le Marsh
by Spilsby, in Lindsey, grid reference TF3870. 4 km north of Spilsby.
of Bourne, in Kesteven, TF0422.
of Boston, in Holland,
4. TF3869. Adjoins Langton
possibilities TF0179, TF2787 & TF4768. See note 10 below
these places are in the vicinity of Langton but more markedly of Welton le
Marsh. The existence in them, of
outlying property of the manors dealt with by the document, supports the
hypothesis that the Welton of the document is Welton le Marsh. For their grid references, see note 15
7. 25 July 1620
appears to be Norman French and to translate as “on recognition of right as
that which he has from his gift”. In
other words, in consideration of the payment he has made. En reconnaissance de
droit comme ce qu’il a de son don, [En
reconnaissance du droit dû à lui,
moyennant contrepartie valable], would probably be the equivalent in modern,
is the parish next southwards from Langton.
le Marsh, also near Partney, is at TF4768.
However, there are also Welton le Wold (TF2787) West of Louth and Welton
(TF0179) North of Lincoln. Saxton’s map
of the county (1576) shows each of them as simply “Welton”.
Pamela A.; A History of Swineshead; Richard Kay; Boston; 1996.
Pishey; The History and Antiquities of Boston and the Hundred of Skirbeck;
1856 (Facsimile edition, Heritage
Lincolnshire, 1997), p.677.
Graham; Land and People in Medieval Lincolnshire;
History of Lincolnshire Committee; Lincoln; 1985.
TF3970, Hagworthingham TF3469 (both mentioned in the document), Salmonby
TF3273, Tetford TF3374, Brinkhill TF3773, Winceby TF3268 and Claxby TF4571
(Claxby Pluckacre is at TF3065). All but
Claxby are in the basin of the river Lymn.
Clive; Seventeenth Century Lincolnshire; History
of Lincolnshire Committee; Lincoln; 1980; Chapter 6.
ibid. Appendix 4.
ibid. Appendix 2.
ibid. Appendix 1.
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