Bourne Archive: 1818 Election: Aveland

http://boar.org.uk/ariwxo3Poll1818Aveland.htm             Latest edit 11 Apr 2011.   

Interactive version ©2011 R.J.PENHEY          With thanks to the Trustees of the Willoughby Memorial Library.


The Bourne Archive


Votes at the Election of 1818: Landholders in Aveland.


Extracted from:

The

Poll

For the

Election of knights of the shire,

For the

County of Lincoln

TAKEN

JUNE 25, 26, & 27, 1818;

(PUBLISHED BY PERMISSION OF THE SHERIFF.)

WITH

THE SPEECHES

DELIVERED FROM THE HUSTINGS ON THE OCCASION;

AND AN

ALPHABETICAL LIST

OF

All the towns in the County,

Distinguished respectively as PARISHES, TOWNSHIPS, or HAMLETS;

And as RECTORIES, VICARAGES, or CURACIES;

WITH

The Population of each,

According to the Returns under the Act of 51 Geo. III, in the year 1811;

Forming an INDEX to the Poll Book.

ALSO,

A SUMMARY

OF THE RETURNS OF THAT ACT AS FAR AS RELATES TO THE

COUNTY OF LINCOLN.

______________ 

Lincoln,

PRINTED AND SOLD BY W. BROOKE;

SOLD ALSO BY MESSRS. SCATCHERD AND LETTERMAN,

AVE-MARIA-LANE, LONDON.

1818.


Introduction.

The main table following lists the votes of that part of the Lincolnshire electorate which was domiciled in the Wapentake of Aveland, or which owned property there but lived outside Lincolnshire. There were three candidates standing for two seats in the Westminster Parliament and each qualified voter had two votes. In order to claim these, the potential voter had to be a man over twenty-one years of age, not a peer of the realm and to demonstrate his ownership of freehold property in Lincolnshire — he did not need to live in the county. If he owned sufficient property in more than one constituency, he could vote in as many as his property qualified him for but he had to present himself at the respective polling places, of which there was one for each constituency, at times during the periods set for registration and for voting. For the Lincolnshire constituency, the polling place was the yard of Lincoln Castle.

The property criterion was freehold real estate to the value of forty shillings per annum. Property leased or rented to him, or held by him copyhold, did not count.  By 1818 there was the beginning of a growth in momentum towards reform of the system, which movement produced the Reform Act of 1832. After this, the constituency was divided into two, each with two members (R. Olney, article 53 in Bennett & Bennett).

In 1818, the polling took place at Lincoln Castle in June, following formal nomination of the candidates on 24th. The dates of polling were 25th, 26th and 27th June. The names of the candidates together with the votes polled for each, at the end of each of the three days of voting were as follows:—

Candidate

1st day

2nd day

3rd day

Hon. Charles Anderson Pelham

1187

2463

3693

Sir Robert Heron

880

1836

2623

Charles Chaplin Esq.

852

1983

3069

Knights, including baronets, the British version of hereditary knights, were entitled to vote but those of the rank of baron and above were represented by the House of Lords so had no vote in this election to the House of Commons. Comparison of the names in the following list with those in the 1817 Aveland land tax lists for the relevant parishes (allowing for the peers included there) will give an idea of what proportion of freeholders went to the trouble and expense of riding to Lincoln to cast their votes. Since the Land Tax was at a rate of four shillings in the pound, a freeholder qualified to vote should have been paying at least eight shillings in tax.

The following table lists freeholders resident in the parish named above their entry. The second column shows a dotted line unless their qualifying property is elsewhere in Lincolnshire, when the parish in which it lay is noted. Voters with qualifying land in the relevant parish but who lived outside the constituency are marked by an asterisk and their place of residence noted. The third, fourth and fifth columns record the distribution of votes, respectively for Pelham, Heron and Chaplin. It will be noted that the vote was not secret. This meant that a dominant landlord might put pressure on smaller ones to vote in accordance with the dominant man’s wishes. For example, it may be worth enquiring why a noticeably large proportion of Bourne voters plumped 4 for Chaplin.

The designation ‘Clerk’ will have meant ‘Priest’.

Freeholders residing in the parish.

Freehds if out of Par.

 

AVELAND WAPENTAKE.

Aslackby.

P.

H.

C.

Burrows, John, Farmer 1

…………

0

0

1

Barwis, Joseph, Clerk

…………

1

0

1

Casswell, Thomas, Grazier

…………

1

0

1

Casswell, Clark, Ditto 2

Pointon

0

0

1

Darby, Samuel, Ditto

…………

0

1

0

Elston, John, Yeoman  1

…………

0

1

0

Newsam, Samuel, Farmer

…………

0

0

1

Newton, John, Ditto

Ropesley

1

0

1

Prince, John, Ditto

…………

0

1

0

Pattinson, William, Innholder

…………

0

0

1

Wells, Joseph, Carpenter

…………

0

1

1

BOURN.

 

 

 

Bains, John, Glazier [sic]

…………

1

0

1

Bott, Henry, Innkeeper 3

…………

0

0

1

Bailey, George, Gent.

…………

0

0

1

Chamberlain, John, Miller

…………

0

0

1

Davis, James, Gardener

…………

0

0

1

Dove, John, Gent.

…………

0

0

1

Eadon, Alexander, Coalmerchant

…………

0

1

0

Foster, George, Farmer

…………

0

0

1

Fish, Joseph, Painter

…………

1

0

1

Gibson, Gilman, Gent.

…………

0

0

1

Holland, Hugh, Farmer

…………

0

0

1

Halford, William, Flaxdresser

…………

0

1

0

Horn, William, Yeoman

…………

0

1

1

Hardy, Emlyn, Farmer

…………

0

0

1

Hopkinson, William, Gent.

…………

1

0

0

Jackson, William, Cordwainer

…………

0

1

0

Layton, George, Farmer

…………

0

0

1

Ley, John, Farmer

…………

0

0

1

Munton, William, Miller

…………

0

0

1

Munton, William, Jn. Ditto

Greatford

0

0

1

Pratt, Maydwell, Farmer

…………

0

0

1

Philips, Humphrey, Tailor

…………

0

0

1

Palmer, Samuel, Farmer

…………

0

0

1

Presgrave, John, Ditto

…………

0

0

1

Row, James Ley, Fellmonger

…………

0

0

1

Roberts, William, Drover

…………

0

0

1

Sutton, Robert, Plumber

…………

0

0

1

Sharpe, Edward, Shepherd

…………

0

0

1

Smith, Edward, Farmer

…………

0

0

1

Swift, John, Breechesmaker

…………

0

0

1

Smart, John, Carpenter

…………

0

0

1

Sutton, John, Grocer

…………

0

0

1

Stokes, William, Innholder

…………

0

0

1

Thistleton, William, Farmer

…………

0

0

1

Thorpe, William, Gent.

…………

0

0

1

Woulds, John Jellings, Schoolmaster

Gosberton

0

0

1

Wiles, John, Yeoman

…………

0

1

0

Watmuff, John, Tanner

…………

1

1

0

Wrigley, Thomas, Farmer

…………

0

0

1

Billingborough.

 

 

 

Barnard, William, Plumber

…………

1

0

1

Burton, Joseph Wm. Henry, Gent.

…………

1

0

1

Border, Richard, Yeoman

…………

0

1

0

Gould, James, Farmer

…………

0

0

1

Pickworth, John, Ditto

…………

0

0

1

Pattinson, William, Gent.

Pointon

0

0

1

Smith, William, Farmer

…………

0

1

0

Thacker, Robert, Ditto

Dorrington

0

0

1

* Goodacre, Robert, Cabinetmaker, Peterborough…….

1

1

0

Birthorpe.

 

 

 

Dawson, William, Gent.

Aslackby

1

1

0

Tomlinson, George, Yeoman

…………

0

1

0

Dunsby.

 

 

 

Carter, John, Farmer

Pointon

0

0

1

Lawrence, Thomas, Ditto

Bourn

0

1

0

Dowsby.

 

 

 

Claypole, John, Miller

…………

0

0

1

Foster, Kingsman, Clerk

…………

0

0

1

Green, John, Esq.

…………

1

0

1

Lound, Thomas, Cottager

…………

0

0

1

Lyne, Thomas, Ditto

…………

0

0

1

Passmore, Bailey, Ditto

…………

0

0

1

Dembleby.

 

 

 

Smith, William, Farmer

Caythorpe

1

0

1

Dike

 

 

 

Gulson, Emlin, Farmer

…………

0

1

0

Hardwick, William, Gent.

…………

0

1

0

Torry, Thomas, Gardener

…………

0

1

0

FOLKINGHAM.

 

 

 

Banks, William, Innholder

Bourn

1

1

0

Cooper, John, Esq.

Quadring

1

0

1

Dawson, James, Farmer

Billingborough

1

1

0

Eastland, John, Ditto

…………

0

1

0

Hall, Tayton, Grazier

…………

1

1

0

Hall, Smith, Gent.

Swineshead

1

0

1

Howitt, Richard, Yeoman

…………

1

1

0

Lawson, John, Ditto

Heckington

1

1

0

Maples, John, Grazier

Pickworth

1

1

0

Morris, Edward, Gent.

Heighington

1

1

0

Pauling, Thomas, Grazier

Little Hale

1

1

0

Stredder, Josiah, Yeoman

Stainfield

1

1

0

Sewards, William, Carpenter

Sutton St. Mary

0

1

1

Ward, William, Draper

Whaplode

1

1

0

Ward, James, Farmer

Threckingham

1

1

0

Ward, Robert, Innholder

…………

1

1

0

Wade, William, Gaoler

…………

0

1

1

Ward, William, Farmer

…………

1

1

0

* Heathcote, Sir Gilbert, Bart. Normanton Park

1

1

0

Horbling.

 

Pepper, Robert, Farmer

Surfleet

0

0

1

Smith, Benjamin, Esq.

Aslackby

1

0

1

Shinglar, John, Clerk

Swaton

1

1

0

Hacconby.

 

 

 

Brown, Robert, Farmer

…………

1

1

0

Grummitt, John, Ditto

Morton

0

1

0

Lawrence, William, Ditto

…………

0

1

0

Kirkby-Underwood.

 

 

 

Hodgkin, Samuel, Farmer

Irnham

0

1

0

Morton, with Hanthorpe.

 

 

 

Arden, Edward, Gent.

…………

1

0

1

Butler, William, Cottager

…………

1

1

0

Burchnall, John, Labourer

…………

1

0

1

Barrow, John, Yeoman

…………

1

0

1

Baker, Edward, Farmer

…………

1

1

0

Clark, Edward, Cottager

…………

1

0

1

Casswell, Richard, Maltster

…………

1

0

1

Christian, William, Farmer

…………

1

0

1

Chantry, John, Blacksmith

…………

1

1

0

Eayres, Joseph, Baker

…………

1

0

1

Faulkner, John, Farmer

…………

1

0

1

Freeman, Edward, Ditto

…………

0

0

1

Freeman, John, Innholder

…………

0

0

1

Franks, Daniel, Cottager

…………

1

0

1

Fisher, William, Yeoman

…………

1

1

0

Hanford, Robert, Farmer

…………

1

0

1

Hewitt, William, Yeoman

…………

1

1

0

Lambert, John, Farmer

…………

1

0

1

Makins, John, Cottager

…………

1

0

1

Tow, Robert, Innholder

…………

1

1

0

Thompson, Edward, Farmer

…………

1

0

1

Wyer, Isaac, Farrier

…………

0

1

0

Wyan, Samuel, Gent.

…………

0

1

0

Watson, William, Farmer

…………

1

1

0

Newton

 

 

 

Clarke, Thomas, Farmer

Pickworth

1

0

1

Osbornby

 

 

 

Baxter, Tennant, Wheelwright

…………

1

0

1

Casswell, John, Farmer

Pinchbeck

1

0

1

Gee, Thomas, Ditto

Millthorpe

1

0

1

Goodwin, John, Ditto

…………

0

1

0

Hough, John, Ditto

…………

1

0

1

Short, Richard, Butcher

…………

0

1

0

Speed, Robert, Victualler

…………

0

1

1

Sumner, John, Farmer

Little Hale

1

0

1

Taylor, John Holmes, Ditto

…………

1

0

1

Willcox, Thomas, Ditto

…………

0

0

1

Wright, John, Carpenter

…………

0

1

0

Pickworth

 

 

 

Harvey, Thomas, Yeoman

…………

0

1

0

Pointon

 

 

 

Briggs, Francis, Yeoman

…………

0

1

0

Bennett, Richard, Grazier

Spalding

1

1

0

Casswell, Thomas, Yeoman

…………

1

1

0

Draper, Henry, Ditto

…………

0

1

0

Green, Francis, Ditto

…………

1

1

0

Hill, William, Farmer

…………

0

1

0

Mansfield, Edward, Ditto

…………

0

0

1

Mason, John, Grazier

Horsington

0

0

1

Rains, Henry, Yeoman

…………

0

1

0

* Searson, Penistan, Farmer, Barrowden, Rutlandshire

0

0

1

Rippingale.

 

 

 

Atkinson, William, Farmer

Gosberton

1

1

0

Corbett, Thomas, Ditto

Thurlby

1

1

0

Harrison, Thomas, Ditto

Pinchbeck

0

1

0

Quincey, John, Gent.

Algarkirk

0

1

0

Shield, Thomas, Farmer

…………

1

1

0

Simpson, John, Ditto

Hanthorpe

1

1

0

Spanby.

 

 

 

Lockwood, Robert, Farmer

Londonthorpe

1

0

1

* Handley, Henry, Esq. London

1

0

1

Swayton.

 

 

 

Mann, Sterling Thomas, Farmer

Heckington

1

0

1

Senior, Joseph, Ditto

Helpringham

1

0

1

Stennett, Joseph, Ditto

Ewersby

1

0

1

Sempringham.

 

 

 

Pickworth, James, Farmer

Gosberton

0

0

1

Richardson, William, Labourer

Tallington

0

1

0

Threckingham.

 

 

 

Lote, Daniel, Grocer

…………

1

1

0

Quincey, Jeremiah, Farmer

Sutterton

0

1

0

Walcot.

 

 

 

Duckett, Sampson, Farmer

…………

0

0

1

Oliver, John Warren, Ditto

Manthorpe

1

1

0

Porter, Edward, Gent.

Ingoldsby

1

0

1

 

74

72

96

Number of Freeholders polled … 164

 

 

 

Plumpers 4.

1

32

53

The following table lists freeholders in Aveland parishes, who were resident elsewhere in Lincolnshire. The Poll Book’s references to Morton and Walcot are assumed to be to those in Lindsey where the freeholder’s place of residence was in Lindsey but are entered here where residence was in Kesteven or Holland.

Freeholder

Place of Residence

Votes

Aslackby

P

H

C

Dawson, William, Gent.

Birthorpe, Aveland

1

1

0

Smith, Benjamin, Esq.

Horbling, Aveland

1

0

1

Billingborough

 

 

 

Arnold, William, Farmer

Gosberton, Kirton

0

1

0

Dawson, James, Farmer

Folkingham, Aveland

1

1

0

Newcomb, Richard, Esq.

Stamford, Ness

1

0

1

Shaw, William, Grocer

Ropsley, Threo

1

1

0

Bourn

 

 

 

Bailey, William, Esq.

Caythorpe with Friston, Loveden

1

1

0

Banks, William, Innholder

Folkingham, Aveland

1

1

0

Barker, John, Farmer

Edenham with Grimsthorpe, Beltisloe

1

0

1

Gibbs, William, Farmer

Sutton St. Mary or Long Sutton, Elloe

0

0

1

Hale, Thomas, Farmer

Little Bytham, Beltisloe

1

0

1

Lawrence, Thomas, Farmer

Dunsby, Aveland

0

1

0

Lloyd, John, Farmer

Edenham with Grimsthorpe, Beltisloe

1

1

0

Thorpe, John, Yeoman

Witham on the Hill, Beltisloe

1

1

0

Falkingham

 

 

 

Raunsley, Thomas Hardwick, Clerk 5

Spilsby, Bolingbroke

1

1

0

Hacconby (with Stainfield)

 

 

 

Revell, John, Miller

Spalding, Elloe

0

1

0

Hanthorpe (with Morton)

 

 

 

Simpson, John, Farmer

Rippingale, Aveland

1

1

0

Horbling

 

 

 

Brown, Edward, Esq.

Stamford, Ness

1

0

1

Morton (with Hanthorpe)

 

 

 

Caparn, John, Clerk

Boston, Skirbeck

0

0

1

Elson, John, Farmer

Aswarby, Aswardhurn

1

0

1

Ormond, James, Farmer

Little Bytham, Beltisloe

1

0

1

Parker, George, Esq.

Edenham with Grimsthorpe, Beltisloe

1

0

1

Thompson, Edward, Farmer

Greatford, Ness

1

1

0

Pickworth

 

 

 

Clarke, Thomas, Farmer

Newton, Aveland

1

0

1

Maples, John, Grazier

Folkingham, Aveland

1

1

0

Pointon

 

 

 

Carter, John, Farmer

Dunsby, Aveland

0

0

1

Casswell, Clark, Grazier

Aslackby, Aveland

0

0

1

Pattinson, William, Gent.

Billingborough, Aveland

0

0

1

Stainfield (with Haconby)

 

 

 

Stredder, Josiah, Yeoman

Folkingham, Aveland

1

1

0

Swaton

 

 

 

Shinglar, John, Clerk

Horbling, Aveland

1

1

0

Threekingham

 

 

 

Owen, George, Grazier

Carrington, Bolingbroke

0

1

0

Ward, James, Farmer

Folkingham, Aveland

1

1

0

Walcot

 

 

 

Boothby, John, Labourer

Dogdyke, Langoe

0

1

0

Camm, William, Farmer

Billinghay, Langoe

0

1

0

Jackson, John, Farmer

Digby, Flaxwell

0

0

1

Marrows, John, Weaver

Timberland, Langoe

0

0

1

Peacock, Anthony Taylor, Esq.

South Kyme, Aswardhurn

1

0

1

Rollitt, John, Gent.

Wellingore, Boothby-Graffoe

0

1

1

Sumner, George, Farmer

Digby, Flaxwell

0

0

1

Sumpter, Edward, Farmer

Billinghay, Langoe

0

1

0

Tomkin, John, Farmer

Martin, Langoe

0

0

1

Wells, William, Farmer

Timberland, Langoe

0

0

1

 

Table adapted from the Poll Book’s Summary View of the Poll.

 

 

PELHAM.

 

HERON.

 

CHAPLIN

 

 

Wapentakes

 

Votes.

Plum.

 

Votes.

Plum.

 

Votes.

Plum.

 

Number

polled

LINDSEY

Manley

 

491

25

 

391

57

 

273

71

 

654

Yarborough

 

348

167

 

99

5

 

87

0

 

354

Bradley Haverstoe

 

90

18

 

10

0

 

65

3

 

93

Corringham

 

311

28

 

254

37

 

102

4

 

368

Aslacoe

 

73

1

 

36

7

 

57

2

 

88

Walshcroft

 

110

6

 

28

8

 

89

3

 

122

Ludborough

 

18

1

 

2

0

 

15

0

 

18

Well

 

62

3

 

65

3

 

41

2

 

88

Lawres

 

152

0

 

68

9

 

195

36

 

230

Wraggoe

 

43

2

 

15

1

 

45

8

 

57

Gartree

 

96

11

 

26

5

 

74

10

 

111

Louth-Eske

 

234

5

 

34

21

 

260

34

 

284

Calceworth

 

168

10

 

70

10

 

108

10

 

188

Horncastle

 

134

5

 

45

11

 

108

7

 

155

Hill

 

56

1

 

22

3

 

46

6

 

67

Bolingbroke

 

85

3

 

39

8

 

63

8

 

103

Candleshoe

 

105

6

 

54

19

 

82

2

 

134

KESTEVEN

Boothby-Graffoe

 

33

0

 

154

67

 

152

46

 

226

Langoe

 

43

0

 

66

21

 

187

115

 

216

Lovedon

 

40

0

 

173

138

 

71

20

 

221

Flaxwell

 

53

1

 

43

9

 

103

28

 

119

Winnibriggs & Threo

 

27

0

 

31

10

 

20

4

 

46

Grantham Soke

 

35

1

 

40

18

 

41

3

 

69

Aswardhurn

 

48

0

 

67

36

 

82

17

 

125

Aveland

 

74

1

 

72

32

 

96

53

 

164

Beltisloe

 

55

7

 

43

19

 

27

3

 

77

Ness

 

92

1

 

44

8

 

111

54

 

154

HOLLAND

Skirbeck

 

144

3

 

104

28

 

96

11

 

193

Kirton

 

270

1

 

249

91

 

181

13

 

403

Elloe

 

209

2

 

184

178

 

289

61

 

461

 

 

3708

309

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In the election the votes were divided thus:—

candidates

Pelham

Heron

Chaplin

whole constituency

39.4%

27.9%

32.7%

Aveland

30.6%

29.8%

39.7%

___________________________________________

Places in Aveland selected from the Poll Book’s Alphabetical list of Towns in the County of Lincoln (pp. 171 to 178).

Aslackby, parish with Garby 6, a hamlet and vicarage. Population 383.

Bourne, parish and vicarage. Population 1591.

Dike with Cawthorpe hamlet. Population 193.

Folkingham, parish and rectory. Population 659.

Hacconby with Stainfield, parish and vicarage. Population 313.

Haceby, parish and rectory. Population 50.

Horbling, parish and vicarage. Population 417.

Kirkby-Underwood, parish and rectory. Population 168.

Laughton, parish. Population 43.

Morton, parish, with Hanthorpe, hamlet, vicarage. Population 660.

Newton, parish and rectory. Population 150.

Osbornby, parish and vicarage. Population 364.

Pickworth, parish and rectory. Population 174.

Pointon, township. Population 324.

Rippingale, parish and rectory. Population 509.

Scott-Willoughby, parish and rectory. Population 15.

Sempringham, parish and vicarage. Population 40.

Walcot, parish and vicarage or curacy. Population 128.


1. ^    While the words ‘farmer’ and ‘yeoman’ are used to express a range of meaning, basically, a farmer works rented land and a yeoman works his own, though perhaps, on a fairly small scale. Since the farmers mentioned have the property qualification to vote, presumably they rented more than they owned.

2. ^   Ditto is the Italian for ‘said’ (OED). Here it means, ‘as stated in the table cell above’.

3^   In 1826, Henry Bott was the landlord of the Angel (White’s 1826).

4. ^   A plumper was an elector who used only one of his votes. He plumped for one candidate.

5. ^   Thomas Hardwick Rawnsley was born on 31 October 1789, at Bourne. His father was Thomas Rawnsley, who was born 1755 at Bradford, Yorks and died 1826 (Birkbeck, p. 75, says 1827) at Abbey House, Bourne. The son married Sophia Walls from Spilsby where their children were born but they lived also at Epsom, Surrey (now Greater London). He died at Spilsby in 1861. Canon Hardwicke Drummond Rawnsley, one of the founders of the National Trust, was a grandson of T.H. Rawnsely (Nashwood Genealogy).

Thomas, born 1755, was a wool stapler in Bourne, with premises on the corner of Church Lane and South Street, to the south of the former. The property later came to be known as Wherry’s. He lived at Cavalry House, which took its name from the fact that Rawnsley was the officer of a yeomanry troop set up during the Napoleonic invasion scare (Birkbeck, p. 75), which came to a head in 1805. He appears to have moved to the grander, Abbey House after its best-known occupants, George and Eleanor Pochin had both died, he in 1798 and she in 1823. By 1826, it appears to have been owned by the trustees of her young heir, so Rawnsley will have been renting it.

6. ^   ‘Garby’ is probably Graby: TF0929.


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