Bourne Archive: Civil War: chronology
http://boar.org.uk/oriwxs5CivilWarLincs(chron.htm Latest edit 21 Apr 2011.
The Bourne Archive
The Civil War in
Chronology of Dates and Events
The purpose of this page is to bring notes together from various sources to show any patterns of activity of which each detail may form a part.
The letters in bold refer to the following references:
B Birkbeck, J.D. A History of Bourne, (1976)
BB Bennett, S. & Bennett, N. An Historical Atlas of
C. A Short History
CD Davies, C. Stamford and the Civil War (1992) ISBN 1-871615-29-1
G Garner, A.A. Boston and the Great Civil War (1972) ISBN 0-902662-56-2
H Holmes, C. Seventeenth-Century
IB Beckwith, I. The Civil War in
Linton, T. Where Did King Charles Sleep? in Really
LDB Anon. The Date Book for Lincoln and Neighbourhood. (latest entries 1866)
M Martin, J.D. The Cartularies and Registers of
P Palmer, A. & V. The Chronology of British History from 250,000 BC to the Present Day. (1992) ISBN 0-7126-2173-3
PR Foster, C.W. ed, The Parish Registers of Bourne in the County of Lincoln 1562-1650, Lincolnshire Record Society (1921)
P. The History and
RJP Penhey, R.J. My own notes on the subject. (See the reference mentioned.)
S. The History of the
SLHI The South Lincolnshire Historical Institute web site (This site now appears to be closed. This information is therefore un-referenced.)
SKG Gardiner, S.K. The Constitutional Documents of the Puritan Revolution 1625-1660. 3rd Edition. Oxford University Press, (1906) Web page.
SR Reid, S. All The King’s Armies. (2007) ISBN 978-1-86227-380-1
V Varley, J. The Parts of Kesteven: Studies in Law and Local Government. Kesteven County Council (1974)
W1 Wikipedia: List of Ordinances and Acts of
WW Wheeler, W.H. A History of the Fens of
The bold letters in the table are followed by the relevant page numbers or in the case of FNQ, the article number.
(P) indicates Parliamentarian.
(R) indicates Royalist.
Maps of the distribution of control are included by courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.
If your computer blocks popups, the Ordnance Survey map may not appear automatically. Click on the ‘go’ button by the grid reference.
The British Civil Wars, Commonwealth and Protectorate (BCW) set of chronologies 1638 to 60.
The British Civil Wars, Commonwealth and Protectorate (BCW) Lincolnshire actions.
There are links to documents dealing with this period on the FNQ page.
In the following Chronology table, click on < to go to the start of the previous year. Click on > to go to the start of the next year. Click on * for Go to options.
WW : Drainage schemes were produced in greater number as the 17th century progressed, many coming to fruition in the 1630s.
WW 128: Sutton Marsh granted to Duke of Lenox with power to embank & inclose.
Aug 20 BCW : Scottish Covenanter army invaded
9 H 152: Sir John Wray presented a petition re. loss of commoners’ lands.
19 H 152: Earl Lincoln [Theophilus Clinton, 4th Earl of Lincoln (1600-1667)] presented a petition against Earl Lindsey’s drainage scheme.
Apr H 153: Enclosures broken down in Pinchbeck.
May 12 P 178: Strafford executed.
July 1 SKG 33: First reading of the bill drafted by the Bishop of Lincoln, on Church Reform, in the House of Lords.
3 SKG 33: Second reading of the Church Reform Bill.
Summer H 152-3: Serious unrest in Holland Fen (grid ref. TF2347) & Lindsey Level over loss of rights. (See BB 72-3 for the drainage scheme areas. For greater detail, see WW Chapter VII.)
Aug mid H 153-4: Harvest appropriated by Donington (grid ref. TF207356) fenmen from land appropriated by Lord Lindsey’s adventurers.
Nov 27 H
142: Palmer, MP for
Oct H 152: Sanderson preached against “covies of new doctrines spring up”.
Dec 27 SG 84: 12 bishops of whom the Bishop of Peterborough was one, arrested, charged with treason and confined in the Tower.
WW 296-7: Vermuiden and Burrell produced separate schemes for drainage.
early IB : Parliament appointed
Earl of Lincoln & Willoughby of Parham as lords lieutenant. The King
appointed Lord Lindsey as his lieutenant in
Jan 11 BCW : Sir John Hotham commissioned to secure the
31 BCW : Hotham’s son and
the East Riding Train bands secured
Apr 23 BCW : Hotham refused entry to
29 SR 14: Having
summoned the train band at
29 SR 68: The
King was personally before
May H 145-6: Lincs became important in forming a territorial link between Hull and the centre of Parliamentarian power.
Willoughby of Parham (P) was newly appointed Lord Lieutenant of
28 H 146: Committee to implement the Militia Ordinance set up.
30 BCW :
by end H 154-5: Drained lands, in effect returned to fen. Authorities humiliated.
WW 207: ‘A little before Edgehill’ commoners of East, West and Wildmore Fens near Boston demolished the adventurers’ works after the latter had been in possession for 7 years.
Summer H 146-7: Allegiances fragmented in
Jun H155: Reversal of fen drainage spread to Axholme and the Marsh.
IB : Lord Willoughby
(P) took the view of arms at
6 BCW : Parliament declared the Earl of Lindsey a public enemy of the state, for supporting the King.
6 G 1:
7 G 1:
8 G 1:
10 G 1:
19 PT 81:
22 FNQ 760: Report of Royalist force rounding up Parliamentarian raiders near Sleaford but the year is probably mistaken. In reality, 1643.
Jul 6 W1: Parliament
passed: Ordinance for raising 2,000 men for relieving
13 IB : The
King came in person to
14 IB : The gentlemen of the county presented a petition to Parliament supporting the king and subscribing 172 horses & men.
18 PT 81: High Sheriff of Lincs petitioned Parliament to comply with the king’s wishes.
26 PT 81:
30 BCW : Siege of
Aug 1 BCW : The earl of Lindsey appointed Lieutenant-General of the King’s army.
16 BCW : The King secured the arms and ammunition
22 H 159: The king raised his standard at Nottingham. T. Lister (P) arrested at Colby Hall (grid ref. SK973609) by the king’s orders.
24 G 12: Royalists
had news of the capture by Newarkers (R), of a train of 80 pack horses loaded
with ammunition intended for Manchester (P) at
25 IB : The King’s standard raised at
soon after 25 IB : Royalist officers raided Coleby Hall to arrest its occupants. Gainsborough raised a force to protect its neutrality. Grantham checked its weapons. A Royalist ship failed to land arms at Skegness. Parliament ordered the raising of forces in Lincs. Cressy Hall was garrisoned for the King by sheriff, Sir Edward Heron but he was taken prisoner in a skirmish.
82: News of capture of Royalists
landed from a ship at Skegness reached
Sep PT 83: Sir Edward Heron,
High Sherriff of Lincs captured and taken via
Early G 12:
1 PT 82: Royalist
gun-running ship brought into
2 P 179: Public stage plays banned by Parliament nationally.
5 SR 15:
6 FNQ 1113: Royalists captured from ships at Skegness
10 SR 14: Essex
(P) opened his headquarters at
13 SR 14: Faced
with opposition from centres at
19 PT 81: Newspaper
report of seizure of Royalist grain ship with Royalists from
20 SR 14: The
King arrived in
159: Parliament wanted
Oct 4 H 159: Sheriff’s house, Cressey Hall (grid ref. TF224304) had been fortified .
23 P 179: Battle of Edge Hill. Lord Lindsey killed.
Nov early IB : Earl of Newcastle (R) was reported as advancing on Lincs.
2 G 6:
22 G 6: Commons
allotted money for speeding Irby’s troops into
Nov/Dec H : Lord Willoughby of Parham (P) strong in
Dec beginning SR 82: Sir John Digby (R)
early H : In Lord
Lindsey’s (R) area (
9 G 6: Ireby (P) passed across the Humber to
mid H 160: J. Henderson (R) occupied Newark.
15 SR 82: A
Parliamentary Ordinance set up the Midland Association, incorporating the
shires of Leicester,
20 SR 82: Parliamentary
Ordinance set up the Eastern Association, initially incorporating Essex,
18 BCW : Royalist garrison of
[RJP : Henceforth, if not before
this, until May 1646, the lines of the A15 and A16 roads would be substitutes
25 EB 16/362: Isaac Newton born at Woolsthorpe by Colsterworth.
early IB : As Newcastle’s army approached, Parliament ordered the raising of more forces to keep Lincs out of Royalist hands.
H 161: Under Newark pressure, Gainsborough fortified for the king.
early H 160: Royalist foraging in Kesteven began.
9 W1 : Act of Parliament
passed: A Declaration and Ordinance for the Defence of the
c. 12 H
161: Capt. Welby
of Spalding (R) crushed by troops from
16 FNQ 298: Ordinance for the regulation of the Eastern Association.
late H 161: Belvoir taken for the king.
Feb P 179: ‘Eastern Association’, new Parliamentarian army, organised.
IB : The Royalist
garrisons at Grantham, Belvoir,
22 SR 72: The
Queen landed supplies (from
23 SR 83: Ballard
(P), commanding the Midland Association and
27 BCW : Ballard with 6,000 troops from Lincs,
Notts & Derbys pushed defenders back from outer defences at
28 H 161-5: Parliamentarian assault on Newark failed. Lincs Parliamentarians generally demoralized.
end FNQ 860: Richard Wyche of Crowland, having been on the Royalist side at the Siege of Crowland, claimed that he was so under duress.
Mar FNQ 758: Royalists
7 SR 72: The
Queen and her supplies were at
21 BCW : Cromwell took
23 BCW : Cavendish and Henderson from
23 SR 84: Cavendish
and Henderson (R) from
24 H 163: Royalists took Grantham.
Spring PT 84-5: At Grantham, numerous people charged with high treason for
having supported the Parliamentarian side, among them Irby and Ellis MPs for
H 150: Sir Daniel Deligne of Harlaxton (grid ref. SK884326) had retired from his home into obscurity to avoid involvement with either side.
PT 85: Royalists held a
Commission of Array at Louth and were surprised by 4 troops (P) of horse from
Apr PT 84:
11 SR 84: Cavendish
with Henderson (R), beat
13 G 6: Report
14 PT 84: Boston
Corporation procured the loan of 16 canon from
333-5: Crowland garrisoned for the
king. Parliamentarian troops entered
18 SG 92: Cromwell’s
troops arrived in
about 21 SG 92: Cromwell injured in a riding accident in Peterborough Cathedral close; incapacitated for a fortnight.
22 BCW: Cromwell (P) occupied
22 M xvi: Robert of Swaffham’s book saved from the general destruction in Peterborough Cathedral.
on or about 22 SR 84: Cromwell occupied
SG preface: The trooper involved in the saving of Robert of Swaffham’s Book was serving under Capt Cromwell, the Colonel’s son.
25 BCW : Cromwell joined Irby and Hobart in the siege of Crowland.
27 G 7: Ireby (P) captured Crowland so easing
28 PT 84: Boston Corporation forewent its May day banquet, using the money (£20) to buy two of the guns mentioned under 14 April..
28 BCW : Cromwell, Hobart and Irby (P) captured the Royalist garrison of Crowland.
28 SG 92: Crowland taken by Parliamentarians.
28 FNQ 760: Report that Cromwell’s force smashed glass and organs at Peterborough Cathedral. The year given is 1642 but this probably mistaken.
29 H 165-6: Crowland taken by Cromwell (P).
May PT 84: Cromwell victorious over Royalists at Croyland.
H 178: Parliamentarians seized the wool from 13,000 sheep on Lord Hussey’s Honington estate.
beginning FNQ 761: Crowland Royalists abducted Spalding Parliamentarians.
5 SG 93: Cromwell’s
troops moved from
9 SR 84: Cromwell,
Hotham & Willoughby (P) joined at Sleaford but it was too late for them to
9 BCW : Troops of Cromwell (P), Willoughby
(P) and Hotham (P) gathered at Sleaford
for an attack on
9 H 166: Cromwell (P) foraged in western Kesteven.
11 BCW :
13 BCW : Newarkers (R) attacked Grantham where Cromwell (P) first showed his skill as a cavalry commander.
13 P 180: Battle of Grantham: first victory for Cromwell (P) and Eastern Association (P). (Cromwell coming to notice G 7.)
13 SR 84-5: Cavendish via
Gainsborough and Henderson, direct from
middle G 7: Having taken Crowland, troops (P) were quartered around Sleaford. They then moved on to subdue Royalist raids from Gainsborough into Lindsey.
24 SR 85: Rendezvous
of Parliamentarian commanders at Nottingham with a view to moving north to
27 PT 84: Letter
late H 167: With
Cromwell and Hotham at
by the end SR 54: Lord Grey of Groby had assembled 5,000 – 6,000 troops (P) in the Nottingham Area.
Jun H 178: Newarkers ® drove off beasts worth £2,000 from Sir W. Armyne’s Osgodby estate.
early H 167: Belvoir forces (R) ranged over the
CD 15: House of Sir William Armyne (P) at Osgodby, plundered by Baptist Noel of Exton’s troops from Belvoir
2 BCW : Parliamentarian commanders conferred at
2 SR 85: Commanders
(P), meeting at Nottingham wrote to Fairfax (P) to the effect that Newcastle
(R) was sufficiently weakened by defeat at
3 G 7: Royalists from Gainsborough, raiding in Louth, withdrew hastily when defeated by Ireby’s force.
4 BCW : The Queen left
10 WM3 : ‘The parliamentary army was beat by the royalists under Colonel Cavendish, at Donington’.
10 SG 335: At Yaxley, Hunts, Capt Beaumont’s soldiers (P) broke open the church doors, urinated in the font and baptized a horse and mare.
before 13 H 167: Newarkers plundered House of Sir William Armyne (P) at Osgodby.
167-8: At Donington, Newarkers (R), foraging at Donington, ambushed Bostonians
en route to reinforcing the Parliamentarian army at
21 BCW : The Queen left
21 SR 85: The
22 FNQ 760: Report of Royalist force rounding up Parliamentarian raiders near Sleaford. The year given is 1642 but this is probably mistaken.
30 P 180: Adwalton Moor. Fairfax (P) defeated.
Jul 1 BCW : Fairfax (R) broke out from Bradford to
1 SR 54:
2 BCW : Cavendish (R) cleared the
2 SR 54: Cavendish
(R) cleared the
4 BCW: The Fairfaxes
10 W1 : Parliament
passed: Ordinance for securing the town of
10 W1 : Parliament passed: Ordinance for the indemnity of the Mayor of Hull and others for seizing the forts, and the persons of Sir John Hotham and Sir Edward Rhodes, and Captain Hotham.
11 SR 54: Rupert
and the Queen met at
12 W1 : Parliament
passed: Order for raising forces in the Parts of Holland in the
13 SG 334: Captains
Barton and Hope from Notts and
mid SR 86: Newarkers
(R) sallied forth and recaptured
16 SR 86:
16 G 7:
19 SR 86: Cromwell
20 T : Earl
20 BCW :
20 IB :
22 W1 : Parliament
passed: Ordinance appointing the Lord Fairfax governor of the town of
24 H 168: Royalists at Burghley House surrendered to Cromwell.
24 SR 86: Royalists at Burghley House surrendered to Cromwell.
24 IB : Cromwell (P) took Burghley House.
24 CD 15: Sir Wingfield Bodenham (R) of Ryhall taken prisoner at Burghley.
24 BCW : Capt. Hotham escaped from Nottingham and
soon after 24 IB : Cavendish (R) laid siege to Gainsborough, held by Willoughby (P).
25 BCW : Parliament ordered Cromwell and Meldrum to
26 SR 86: Cromwell rejoined Meldrum at Grantham.
26 SR 86: Gainsborough was being blockaded by Cavendish’s brigade (R).
27 BCW : Cromwell (P) and Meldrum (P) made a
27 SR 86: Meldrum
(P) met up with Capt. Edward Ayscoughe (P), the
27 G 7: Cromwell
and Meldrum (P) beat Cavendish (killed) but
27 IB : Cromwell
(P) and Meldrum (P) from Nottingham united at
after 27 IB : Newcastle (R)
28 SR 86: Leaving
28 SR 86-89: Description of the
28 BCW : Cromwell and Meldrum defeated Cavendish at
Gainsborough but withdrew on the approach of
FM 178: Cromwell (P) beat Cavendish (R) at Lea, near Gainsborough.
28 P 180: Battle of Gainsborough. Cromwell (P) the winner.
28 BCW : Cromwell (P) and Meldrum (P) Beat
Cavendish (R) at Gainsborough but withdrew under threat from
30 BCW :
30 G 7:
30 T : Earl of Newcastle at Grantham.
Jul/Aug H : Royalists raised taxes in Bourne.
PT 85: Lord Willoughby of Parham had his
SR 89: The Earl of
Newcastle was reluctant to move far out of his northern area of command. He
therefore did not go to the King at
Aug during IB : Parliamentarian
forces in Lincs pulled back in disarray, to
during IB : Royalist forces garrisoned Lincoln, Tattershall, Bolingbroke & Mablethorpe.
during IB : Not wishing to advance into the Eastern Counties leaving Hull in his rear, Newcastle (R) neglected Boston and besieged Hull.
5 SR 89:
6 G 7-10: Willoughby
of Parham at
8 G 10:
8 PT 85:
8 SR 90: The
Eastern Association was originally primarily an organization for raising
supplies and men for Parliament’s army.
The scare caused by Royalists’ success in
10 G 13:
10 BCW : The Earl of Manchester made commander of
the Eastern Association’s army and ordered to stop
mid BCW : Lestrange at
mid PT 85: Newcastle
(R), moving on
16 SR 90: A Parliamentary ordinance empowered the Eastern association to impress up to 20,000 men.
23 SR 90 Parliament’s
demand for the raising of 20,000 men for its army led to a pro-Royalist rising
23 H 170: Lynn declared for the King and received no support.
25 SR 90: Fairfax
(P) forced by
28 BCW : Fairfax (P) left Beverley as Newcastle (R)
moved to lay siege to
29 PT 86:
of year PT 85:
the siege of Lynn SR 91: Willoughby (P) and Cromwell (P) commanded a
covering force based at
Sep 1 SR 90: (
a week after 25th August) Newcastle (R) began his siege of
2 BCW :
13 SR 90: Parliamentarians
c.14 FNQ965: News of the fall of Lynn (R) to the Earl
of Manchester, reached
15 H 170: Lynn (R) surrendered.
18 G 13: Transfer
19-26 G 13: Parliament had naval supremacy in the
20 W1 : Parliament
passed: Ordinance adding
22 BCW: Cromwell (P) brought supplies to
24 G 13-14:
26 G 13: transfer
of 400 infantry into
26 BCW :
26 SR 91:
c.27 G 14: Skirmish at Horncastle as the cavalry (P) was attacked.
28 G 14: Enquiry
Oct H 178: Parliamentarians took livestock worth £1,794 from Honington.
start FM 178: Royalists dominant in Lindsey uplands. Parliamentarians dominant in the Marsh and
5 BCW : Eastern Association foot under Meldrum (P)
6 G 14: Cromwell
8 PT 83: Parliament decided that the costs of imprisoning Edward Heron should be defrayed from goods seized from his house.
to 9 FM 178:
run up to 9 FM 179: The Parliamentarian tactic seems to have been to appear to lay siege to Bolingbroke, so as to draw in royalist forces so that they could be picked off.
9 FM 183: Henderson (R) probably expected to find (P) forces around Bolingbroke but they had been advanced a couple of miles and were met unpreparedly.
9 BCW :
9 G 14:
10 SR 91: Cromwell,
170-1: Royalists from
171: Fairfax (P) sallied from
12 IB :
c.14 G 14: Bolingbroke
19 PT 89: Col. Fleetwood (P) took
two troops of Royalist horse near
c. 20 BT 191:
2o on G 14: Manchester (P) drove all cattle within
H 171: Cromwell & Fairfax moved into Kesteven skirmishing to prevent incursions from Newark (R) & Belvoir (R).
H 171: Lord Willoughby of Parham cleared the Lindsey coast of minor Royalist garrisons.
23 BT 191:
24 BCW : Parliament passed an ordinance for the impressment of troops.
: The focus of activity moved to
the south of
early H 171: Lord Willoughby of Parham occupied and fortified Brigg; probably against incursions from Gainsborough (R).
10 G 14:
Dec BT 192: The King, at
early G 14:
early PT 88:
14 PR 209: Elizabeth Gee buried in Bourne, having been “shott by ye souldgeirs”.
171: Gainsborough taken by Colonel Sir John Meldrum
T : Events of the Second Battle of Newark.
3 H 173:
6 H 173:
W Siege of
14 FNQ 298: Ordinance for financing the forces of the (specifically) seven Eastern Association.
58: A messenger of the Earl of
Manchester (P) was accommodated at South Kyme and supplied with a guide on his
28 W1 : Parliament passed: Ordinance for the Excise of Hull to be paid to Lord Fairfax for support of the Garrison there.
: St Swithin’s
church and many houses burnt down in
Jun - early H
174: Royalists occupied
: Parliament passed: Ordinance for
the establishment of a garrison at
: Siege of
6 PR 209: A soldier of the Earl of Manchester’s Regiment buried.
x: Earl of
8 BCW : Friction between Cromwell (P) and both
Crawford (P) and
mid H 174: Rossiter (P) was building fortifications at Sleaford but
was forced to withdraw to
late H 174: Much royalist raiding in Kesteven and Lindsey.
early H : Royalists from Belvoir plundered
19 PT 89: Col.
Fleetwood took two troops of Royalist horse near Belvoir and carried them to
23 SLHI : Colonel Fleetwood was at Horbling.
(P) surprised 2000 relief for Crowland at
end SLHI A large Parliamentary force had moved to Bourne.
Nov 19 BCW: Eastern Association complained to Parliament about the cost of retaining its regional army.
Dec - early H : Crowland surrendered.
H : Seizure of Gonerby (grid ref. SK897381).
19 BCW : Parliamentarians’ friction resulted in the Self-Denying Ordinance. MPs could no longer be military commanders.
During 1645 WW 318-9: Blaeu’s Regiones Inundatae map published.
During 1645 WM3: In Gosberton, losses to Royalist raids in the course of 1645 were valued at £1,396: List of damages suffered.
Jan 2 T : The Hothams, father and son, executed by Parliamentarians.
6 W : Formation of the New Model Army instigated.
10 P 181: Laud executed.
Feb 24 BCW : Langdale (R) routed Rossiter’s (P) force at Market Harborough.
Mar 31 BCW : Parliament imposed fixed taxes to finance the New Model Army.
Apr W : New Model Army came into being.
3 W1 : Parliament
passed: Ordinance for raising monies in the
BCW : Revised Self-Denying Ordinance passed by
the Lords. Earls of Essex,
May T : Leicester
attacked by Royalists to draw
SLHI : Winifred Browne petitioned Parliament saying that the Royalists had taken all she had.
9 G 24: Following
the Self Denying Ordinance and the establishment of the New Model Army, Rossiter formally took military control in
30 BCW :
31 T : Fall
Jun IB : Royalist forces captured Hougham House (grid ref. SK8844).
1 P 181: Prince Rupert (R) captured and sacked Leicester.
10 H : Hougham House seized by Royalists in the absence of Rossiter who swiftly re-took it.
18 IB : (BB pp. 64-5)
18 BCW :
20 BCW : Lord Leven and the Covenanters advanced
July 2 BCW : Covenanters moved westwards from
21 BCW :
25 BCW :
end G 24:
Aug 1 H : Newarkers destroyed Torksey (P) fortifications.
6 W1 : Parliament
passed: Ordinance to raise £2,800 a month in
LDB : St Botolph’s church fell down.
8 H : Rout of raiding Newarkers at Carlby (grid ref. TF050140).
12 W1 : Parliament
passed: Ordinance for raising money in the Counties of the Eastern Association
for the reduction of
15 BCW : King Charles at Welbeck.
18 BCW : The King
18 T: The
king, arrived in
19 G 24-25: Parliament gave orders for the strengthening of the defence works
20 BCW : The King
23 T : King Charles arrived
in Huntingdon having withdrawn from Doncaster via
23 BCW : The King’s army occupied and plundered Huntingdon.
28 BCW : The
King’s army back in
Sep H : Estates near Sleaford subject to taxes from both sides.
3 W1 : Parliament
passed: Ordinance to raise monies in the Eastern Association for the
maintenance and pay of the garrisons at Newport Pagnell,
4 G 25: The
rents from two sequestered estates allowed by Parliament to
23 BCW : House of
Commons voted to ask Leven’s Scottish army to lay siege to
W1 : Parliament passed: Ordinance for the employment for two
months of the 800 Horse in
24 P 181: Battle of Rowton Heath. Royalist cavalry defeated.
25 BCW : The King
Oct 4 BCW : The King
mid T : The King and Rupert (R) were arguing at Newark
x: The King Charles was at
11 PR x: (folio 191d) The garrison of Bourne Castle began.
13 PR x: The king moved to Welbeck (grid ref. SK560740).
x: The king returned to
16 BCW :
21 BCW :
26 BCW : Discontent in the Royal camp. Rupert moved to Belvoir.
26 T : Rupert withdrew to Belvoir.
Nov 3 BCW : The King left
176: Scots before
27 T : Lord Leven’s Scottish army began Third Siege of Newark.
27 BCW : Leven’s Covenanters and Poyntz’s Northern Association army started the third siege
Dec 2 G 26:
8 BCW :
Feb 3 H 176: Belvoir (R) captured.
28 W1 : Parliament passed: Ordinance for
payment out of the Excise of £20,000 for the forces raised by the Eastern
Association for the siege of
Mar H 176: Newark closely invested.
1 PT 89: Parliament
ordered the disgarrisoning of
Apr 27 L 26: King
Charles escaped from
30 L 26: Charles
possibly stayed at 9 Barnhill,
May 3 L 26: Having been intercepted by Dr. Hudson
at Downham Market, Charles went to Little Gidding and possibly stayed at Mr. Cave’s house off
4 L 26: Charles possibly left Mr. Cave’s, Blackfriars House (R), for Southwell.
6 BCW : The King
ordered the surrender of
7 BCW : The King
taken northwards from
8 H 176: Newark surrendered
13 BCW : The King
860: John Oldfeild of Spalding, having
been a soldier at
Jun 24 P 182: Oxford surrendered.
Aug 19 B 49: £50/annum sequestered from Heckington for the vicar of Bourne.
Dec 31 BCW : Lords and Commons agreed that the King should be taken to Holmby House in Northants.
Jan 11 H 192: Sessions at Sleaford: Colonel King addressed grand jury denouncing the Committee.
Feb 3 T : Charles
16 T : Charles
arrived at Holdenby, in Northamptonshire, in English
Parliamentarian hands, [having passed through
Mar 1 G 27:
Jan 29 SG 85: Bishops’ palace at
Jun early L
26: Dr. Hudson (R) raising troops
Jun 5 W1 : Parliament passed: Ordinance to raise a Troop of Horse in
July 3 W1 : Parliament passed: Ordinance for settling the Militia of the
11 W1 : Parliament passed: Ordinance amending those of 5th June and
3rd July for the maintenance of troops in
Jan 22 W1 : Parliament passed: Act for the
Committee of the
May 29 W1 : Parliament passed: Act for draining the Great Level of the Fens extending itself into the counties of Northampton, Norfolk, Suffolk, Lincoln, Cambridge, and Huntingdon, and the Isle of Ely, or some of them.
Dec 10 W1 : Parliament passed: Act constituting an High Court of Justice within the Counties of Norfolk, Suffolk, Huntingdon, Cambridge, Lincoln, the counties of the cities of Norwich and Lincoln and within the Isle of Ely.
Aug 19 W1 : Parliament passed: Act concerning the Minster of Peterborough.
RJP: In 2011, a segment of an oak beam
was put on display in
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